Agriculture (Assertion and Reason) Geography Class 10

ASSERTION AND REASON

DIRECTION : In the following questions, a statement of assertion is followed by a statement of reason. Mark the correct choice as :

(a) If Both assertion and reason are true and reason is the correct explanation of assertion.
(b) If Both assertion and reason are true but reason is not the correct explanation of assertion.
(c) If Assertion is true but reason is false.
(d) If Both assertion and reason are false.

(1).  Assertion : India’s primary activity is Agriculture.
Reason : Two-thirds of its population is engaged in agricultural activities.

(a) Both assertion and reason are true and reason is the correct explanation of assertion.

Explanation: Agriculture is a primary activity, which produces most of the food that we consume. Two-thirds of India’s population is involved in agricultural activities and earns livelihood through it.

(2).  Assertion : Agriculture is not an old economic activity.
Reason : Farming varies from subsistence to commercial type.

(d) Both assertion and reason are false.

Explanation: Cultivation methods have changed significantly depending upon the characteristics of physical, environmental and technological methods. Agriculture is definitely an old economic activity in India. Thus, both reason and assertion are false.

(3).  Assertion : Plantation has an interface of agriculture and industry.
Reason : Plantation is a type of commercial farming, a single crop is grown on a large area.

(a) Both assertion and reason are true and reason is the correct explanation of assertion.

Explanation: The plantation has an interface of agriculture and industry. Plantations cover large tracts of land, using capital intensive inputs, with the help of migrant laborers. All the produce is used as raw material in respective industries.

(4).  Assertion : Biochemical inputs and irrigation are used for obtaining higher production.
Reason : Doses of biochemical input are used to grow crops rapidly.

(a) Both assertion and reason are true and reason is the correct explanation of assertion.

Explanation: High doses of biochemical inputs and irrigation are used for obtaining higher production to meet the growing demands of the people. The farmers continue to take maximum output from the limited land.

(5).  Assertion : Crops are grown depending upon the variations in soil, climate and cultivation practices.
Reason : Crops are also grown according to availability of water.

(b) Both assertion and reason are true but reason is not the correct explanation of assertion.

Explanation: Variety of food and non food crops are grown in different parts of the country depending upon the variations is soil, climate and cultivation practices. Major crops grown in India are rice, wheat, millets, pulses, tea, coffee, sugarcane, oil seeds, cotton and jute, etc

(6).  Assertion : Ample food crop in India is rice and requires less rain.
Reason :
Our country is the fourth largest producer of rice in the world.

(c) Assertion is true but reason is false.

Explanation: It is the staple food crop of a majority of the people in India. Our country is the second largest producer of rice in the world after China. Cultivation of rice requires annual rainfall above 100 cm . In the areas of less rainfall, it grows with the help of irrigation.

(7).  Assertion : Pulses are not considered as a major source of protein in a vegetarian diet.
Reason : Rice is a rabi crop and requires lot of rain to grow.

(d) Both assertion and reason are false.

Explanation: Rice is a kharif crop and requires about 100 cm of rainfall. However India is the largest producer as well as the consumer of pulses in the world. These are the major source of protein in a vegetarian diet.

(8).  Assertion : Tea cultivation, is a labour-intensive industry.
Reason :
Cultivation can be done throughout the year. Tea bushes require a warm and moist frost-free climate.

(b) Both assertion and reason are true but reason is not the correct explanation of assertion.

Explanation: The tea plant grows well in tropical and sub-tropical climates endowed with deep and fertile well- drained soil, rich in humus and organic matter. It is consumed on large basis in India being an important beverage crop.

(9). Assertion : Organic farming is much in vogue.
Reason :
In organic farming, crops are grown using high doses to increase production.

(c) Assertion is true but reason is false.

Explanation: Organic farming is much in vogue today because it is practiced without factory made chemicals such as fertilizers and pesticides. Hence, it does not affect environment and human beings in a negative manner.

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