Agriculture (MCQs) Geography Class 10 CBSE

Q.1. Which of the following is the most important occupation of the people of India?

(a) Food gathering
(b) Agriculture
(c) Manufacturing
(d) Services

(b) Agriculture

Q.2. Which of the following types of economic activity is agriculture?

(a) Primary activity
(b) Secondary activity
(c) Tertiary activity
(d) All the above

(a) Primary activity

Q.3. What is Primitive Subsistence Farming known as in north-eastern states like Assam, Meghalaya, Mizoram and Nagaland?

(a) Horticulture
(b) Penda
(c) Jhumming
(d) Milpa

(c) Jhumming

Q.4. Which of the following types of farming is practised in areas with high population pressure on land?

(a) Primitive Subsistence Farming
(b) Intensive Subsistence Farming
(c) Commercial Farming
(d) Plantations

(b) Intensive Subsistence Farming

Q.5. Which of the following is the principal crop grown in areas of Intensive Subsistence Farming?

(a) Yams and Sweet Potato
(b) Wheat
(c) Rice
(d) Cotton

(c) Rice

Q.6. Rice is a subsistence crop in Orissa. In which of the following states, is rice a commercial crop?

(a) West Bengal and Bihar
(b) Jammu and Kashmir
(c) Punjab and Haryana
(d) Tamil Nadu and Kerala

(c) Punjab and Haryana

Q.7. Which of the following is a kharif crop?

(a) Barley
(b) Peas
(c) Bajra
(d) Mustard

(c) Bajra

Q.8. Which of the following crops is produced during zaid cropping season?

(a) Sugarcane
(b) Muskmelon
(c) Groundnut
(d) Moong

(b) Muskmelon

Q.9. How many crops of paddy are grown in a year in the states like Assam, West Bengal and Orissa and they are termed as which of the following?

(a) Once-Arabica
(b) Two-Rabi and Zaid
(c) Three-Aus, Aman, Boro
(d) Three-Kumar, Valre, Waltre

(c) Three-Aus, Aman, Boro

Q.10. Which of the following is an annual crop?

(a) Sugarcane
(b) Cotton
(c) Jute
(d) Cucumber

(a) Sugarcane

Q.11. Which of the following are known as coarse grains?

(a) Wheat and Rice
(b) Millets—Jowar, bajra and ragi
(c) Pulses—urad, arhar, gram
(d) Oilseeds

(b) Millets—Jowar, bajra and ragi

Q.12. Which of the following crops is used both as a food and as a fodder?

(a) Jowar
(b) Wheat
(c) Maize
(d) Tea

(c) Maize

Q.13. India is the largest producer as well as the consumer of which of the following crops?

(a) Rice
(b) Millets
(c) Pulses
(d) Oilseeds

(c) Pulses

Q.14. Which of the following crops is the main source of jaggary, khandsari and molasses?

(a) Arhar
(b) Coconut
(c) Linseed
(d) Sugarcane

(d) Sugarcane

Q.15. Which of the following countries is the largest producer of oilseeds?

(a) China
(b) Brazil
(c) India
(d) Yemen

(c) India

Q.16. Which of the following is a kharif crop and accounts for about half of the major oilseeds produced in the country?

(a) Mustard
(b) Coconut
(c) Groundnut
(d) Soyabean

(c) Groundnut

Q.17. Which of the following group of crops are known as beverage crops?

(a) Castor seed and Sunflower
(b) Peas and Gram
(c) Cotton and Jute
(d) Tea and Coffee

(d) Tea and Coffee

Q.18. Tea cultivation is an example of which of the following types of agriculture?

(a) Horticulture
(b) Plantation
(c) Beverage cultivation
(d) Intensive agriculture

(b) Plantation

Q.19. Which of the following are known as horticulture crops?

(a) Tea and coffee
(b) Cotton and Jute
(c) Rubber and Tobacco
(d) Fruits and Vegetables

(d) Fruits and Vegetables

Q.20. India is believed to be the original home of which of the following fibre crops?

(a) Cotton
(b) Jute
(c) Hemp
(d) Silk

(a) Cotton

Q.21. White Revolution involves improvement in the production of which of the following products?

(a) Cotton
(b) Wheat
(c) Maize or corn
(d) Milk

(d) Milk

Q.22. Which of the following is the primary objective of India’s food security policy?

(a) To ensure availability of foodgrains to the common people at an affordable price.
(b) To diversify crop production to increase income of the farmers.
(c) To provide insurance against crop failures.
(d) To shift from foodgrain production to commercial crops.

(a) To ensure availability of foodgrains to the common people at an affordable price.

Q.23. Which one is an important rabi crop?

(a) Paddy
(b) Watermelon
(c) Wheat
(d) Maize

(c) Wheat

Q.24. Which among the following is a fibre crop?

(a) Rubber
(b) Jute
(c) Tomato
(d) Coffee

(b) Jute

Q.25. Of which one of the following beverage crops, India is the leading producer as well as exporter in the world?

(a) Coffee
(b) Pulses
(c) Tea
(d) Curd

(c) Tea

Q.26. Which one of the following is the feature of plantation agriculture?

(a) Single crop
(b) Large area
(c) Produce raw material for industries
(d) All of the above

(d) All of the above

Q.27. Which of the following crops is not a millet?

(a) Jowar
(b) Maize
(c) Ragi
(d) Bajra

(b) Maize

Q.28. What is the rearing of silkworms for the production of silk called?

(a) Horticulture
(b) Pisciculture
(c) Sericulture
(d) Agriculture

(c) Sericulture

Q.29. Which one of the following crops is the example of plantation farming?

(a) Rice
(b) Wheat
(c) Rubber
(d) None of these

(c) Rubber

Q.30. In which of the following states of India rice is considered a commercial crop?

(a) West Bengal
(b) Orissa
(c) Bihar
(d) Punjab

(d) Punjab

Q.31. Which of the following crops are grown with the onset of monsoons and are harvested in the month of September and October?

(a) Rabi
(b) Kharif
(c) Zadi
(d) None of the above

(b) Kharif

Q.32. In which type of soil does maize grow well?

(a) Black
(b) Light domat
(c) Old alluvial
(d) None of these

(d) None of these

Q.33. Cultivation of coffee is confined to which of the following hills?

(a) Nilgiri
(b) Aravali
(c) Shivalik
(d) None of these

(a) Nilgiri

Q.34. Which of the following crops grows well in the Black soil?

(a) Jute
(b) Rice
(c) Cotton
(d) Wheat

(c) Cotton

Q.35. Which country is the largest producer of oilseeds in the world?

(a) China
(b) India
(c) USA
(d) Pakistan

(b) India

Q.36. Which one of the following is the example of plantation agriculture?

(a) Jute
(b) Wheat
(c) Tea
(d) Oilseeds

(c) Tea

Q.37. Which country is the largest producer of fruits and vegetables in the world?

(a) Canada
(b) USA
(c) Pakistan
(d) India

(d) India

Q.38. Arabica variety of coffee was initially brought to India from which of the following countries?

(a) Yemen
(b) Vietnam
(c) Japan
(d) Korea

(a) Yemen

Q.39. Which one of the following is not a fibre crop?

(a) Cotton
(b) Rubber
(c) Jute
(d) Hemp

(b) Rubber

Q.40. Which one of the following crops is known as ‘Golden Fibre?

(a) Wheat
(b) Rice
(c) Groundnut
(d) Jute

(d) Jute

Q.41. Which one of the following crops is a beverage crop?

(a) Tea
(b) Cotton
(c) Wheat
(d) Bajra

(a) Tea

Q.42. Which one of the following is not a cropping season?

(a) Winter
(b) Kharif
(c) Rabi
(d) Zaid

(a) Winter

Q.43. Which of the following is the example of kharif crops?

(a) Rice
(b) Wheat
(c) Gram
(d) Peas

(a) Rice

Q.44. Cultivation of fruits and vegetables is called:

(a) Floriculture
(b) Sericulture
(c) Horticulture
(d) Agriculture

(c) Horticulture

Q.45. India is the leading producer and exporter of

(a) Rubber
(b) Sugarcane
(c) Rice in the world
(d) Tea

(c) Rice in the world

Q.46. Which one of the following is a Rabi crop?

(a) Rice
(b) Wheat
(c) Millets
(d) Cotton

(b) Wheat

Q.47. ‘Slash and burn agriculture’ is a

(a) shifting agriculture
(b) intensive agriculture
(c) commercial agriculture
(d) none of these

(a) shifting agriculture

Q.48. Which of the following is a leguminous crop?

(a) Pulses
(b) Cotton
(c) Jowar
(d) Maize

(a) Pulses

Q.49. Which of the following describes a system of agriculture, where a single crop is grown on a large area?

(a) Shifting agriculture
(b) Plantation agriculture
(c) Horticulture
(d) Intensive agriculture

(b) Plantation agriculture

Q.50. Which of the following methods have been changed depending upon the characteristics of physical environment, technological know-how and sociocultural practice?

(a) Industrial activity
(b) Irrigation Pattern
(c) Cultivation
(d) None of these

(c) Cultivation

Q.51. Jhumming in Brazil is called:

(a) Ladang
(b) Masole
(c) Roca
(d) None of these

(c) Roca

Q.52. What is ‘Boro’?

(a) Kharif crop
(b) Zaid crop
(c) Rabi crop
(d) None of these

(a) Kharif crop

Q.53. Ragi is very rich in:

(a) Zinc
(b) Iodine
(c) Iron
(d) Phosphorous

(c) Iron

Q.54. ………. is a slash and burn agriculture.

(a) Extensive farming
(b) Commercial subsistence farming
(c) Jhumming
(d) None of the above

(c) Jhumming

Q.55. Agriculture contributes ………. to the national income of India.

(a) 33%
(b) 22%
(c) 40%
(d) none of these

(d) none of these

Q.56. For irrigation, most of the Indian farmers depend on

(a) reservoirs
(b) rivers
(c) monsoon
(d) tube wells

(c) monsoon

Q.57. The crops grown in Rabi season are:

(a) wheat, peas, barley and mustard
(b) rice, jute, maize, soyabean
(c) pulses, melons, vegetables
(d) sugarcane and tobacco

(a) wheat, peas, barley and mustard

Q.58. Which of the following farming practice depends upon monsoon, natural fertility of the soil and suitability of other environmental conditions?

(a) Commercial farming
(b) Intensive subsistence farming
(c) Primitive subsistence farming
(d) Plantation

(c) Primitive subsistence farming

Q.59. What population of India is engaged in agricultural activities?

(a) Two-Third
(b) Three-Fourth
(c) One-Fourth
(d) Two-Fourth

(a) Two-Third

Q.60. In which moths the kharif crops are harvested?

(a) April-June
(b) September-October
(c) January-February
(d) June-July

(b) September-October

Q.61. Important crops like paddy, maize, jowar, bajra etc. are grown during which of the following seasons?

(a) Spring
(b) Summer
(c) Monsoon
(d) Winter

(c) Monsoon

Q.62. Aus, aman and boro are types of which crop?

(a) Maize
(b) Paddy
(c) Jowar
(d) Bajra

(b) Paddy

Q.63. Watermelon, muskmelon, cucumber, vegetables and fodder crops are the types of

(a) Zaid crop
(b) Kharif crop
(c) Rabi crop
(d) None of these

(a) Zaid crop

Q.64. Which of the following was the main focus of our First Five Year plan?

(a) Cost of food grains
(b) Land reforms
(c) Industrialisation
(d) Globalisation

(b) Land reforms

Q.65. Who was declared as spiritual heir of Gandhiji?

(a) Subhash Chandra Bose
(b) Jawaharlal Nehru
(c) Vinoba bhave
(d) Sardar Patel

(c) Vinoba bhave

Q.66. Which of the following is being used in making gunny bags, mats, ropes, yarn, carpets and other artefacts?

(a) Jute
(b) Cotton
(c) Fibre
(d) None of these

(a) Jute

Q.67. ……….., is a scheme introduced by the Government of India for the benefit of the farmers.

(a) Kisan Credit Card
(b) Mudra Yojana
(c) Farmer Scheme
(d) Jan Dhan Yojana

(a) Kisan Credit Card

Q.68. Tick the characteristics of commercial farming.

(a) Plots of land are fragmented.
(b) Transport and communication plays an important role.
(c) The yield is usually low.
(d) The pressure of population is high on land.

(b) Transport and communication plays an important role.

Q.68. Tick the characteristics of commercial farming.

(a) Plots of land are fragmented.
(b) Transport and communication plays an important role.
(c) The yield is usually low.
(d) The pressure of population is high on land.

(b) Transport and communication plays an important role.

Q.69. Which of the following is the staple food crop of a majority of the people in India?

(a) Jowar
(b) Bajra
(c) Wheat
(d) Rice

(d) Rice

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