Assertion Reason Geography Chapter 7 Lifelines of National Economy Contemporary India II
Questions of Assertion Reason of Geography Chapter 7 Lifelines of National Economy Social Science CBSE Class 10 are very simple to understand as this chapter deals with Lifelines of National Economy. To solve assertion reason type questions of Geography of Social science, deeper understanding of concept about Lifelines of National Economy is required. In order to help the student in solving Assertion Reason type of questions, detailed process is explained.
How to solve Assertion Reason Type Questions?
In Assertion-Reason type of question, two statements are given, first is Assertion and second is called Reason. Student must have to think critically about both the statements in Assertion Reason Questions, since it combines multiple choice questions and true/false type of questions which requires a higher level of understanding.
How many types are there of Assertion Reason Type Questions?
Assertion-Reason type of questions can be asked either with four MCQ options or with five MCQ options. First four options are same in both the cases only one more options is being provided i.e. last one. One extra option increases the difficulty level of the questions.
In assertion reason type of questions, all 4 or 5 options are same for each question, which are as:
(a) Both assertion (A) and reason (R) are true and reason (R) is the correct explanation of assertion (A).
(b) Both assertion (A) and reason (R) are true but reason (R) is not the correct explanation of assertion (A).
(c) Assertion (A) is true but reason (R) is false.
(d) Assertion (A) is false but reason (R) is true.
(e) Both Assertion and Reason are false.
Then a question haunts in every student’s mind, which option is correct and when?
This can be understood clearly with the following table:
|Assertion (A)||Reason (R)||MCQ Options (Fixed for all questions)|
|If True||True||(a) Both assertion (A) and reason (R) are true and reason (R) is the correct explanation of assertion (A).|
|If True||True||(b) Both assertion (A) and reason (R) are true but reason (R) is not the correct explanation of assertion (A).|
|If True||False||(c) Assertion (A) is true but reason (R) is false.|
|If False||True||(d) Assertion (A) is false but reason (R) is true.|
|If False||False||(e) Both Assertion and Reason are false.|
Now, lets practice some Assertion Reason Questions of Contemporary India II : Geography – Chapter 7: Lifelines of National Economy.
Read instructions carefully before answering the questions.
For question given below, two statements are given- one labelled Assertion (A) and the other labelled Reason (R). Select the correct answer to these questions from the codes (a), (b), (c) and (d) as given below:
(a) Both A and R are true and R is correct explanation of the assertion.
(b) Both A and R are true but R is not the correct explanation of the assertion.
(c) A is true but R is false.
(d) A is false but R is true.
Assertion (A) : Road transportation in India faces a number of problems.
Reason (R) : Roads are unmetalled, their network is adequate.
Density of all roads varies, keeping in view the volume of traffic and passengers, the road network is inadequate, they are unmetalled and unfit for use, posing a lot of problems for transportation.
Assertion (A) : Communication is unessential requirement of human life.
Reason (R) : Communication between people does not create awareness.
The increase in population and the change in the modes of communication are the result of increased human movement and transport of materials and goods. These provide healthy entertainment. They are thus essential in life, thus both Assertion and reason are false.
Assertion (A) : Waterways are the cheapest means of transport.
Reason (R) : It is a fuel-efficient and environment friendly mode of transport.
Assertion (A) : Trade is considered as the economic barometer of the country.
Reason (R) : Trading helps largely in developing countries like India. Advancement of trade is an index to its economic prosperity.
Assertion (A) : International trade has undergone a sea of changes in the last decades.
Reason (R) : Exchange of commodities and goods have been superseded by the exchange of information and knowledge
India has emerged as a software giant at the international level and it is earning large foreign exchange through the export of information technology.
Assertion (A) : Cost of laying pipelines is less but subsequent running costs are
Reason (R) : Pipelines do not facilitate easy transportation of goods.
Initial cost of laying pipelines is high but subsequent running costs are minimal. It rules out trans-shipment losses and delays.
Assertion (A) : Transport and communications are called lifelines of our economy.
Reason (R) : Transport and communications do not help in easy movement of goods and materials between countries.
Transport and communications are called lifelines of our economy as they reduces distances, brings people close to another by promoting interdependence among themselves and mainly helps in trade and commerce within the country.
Thus the reason is false.
Assertion (A) : Tourism promotes national integration.
Reason (R) : Millions of people are directly engaged in tourism industry.
Tourism promotes national integration and helps in the development of understanding among various countries about our culture and heritage.
Assertion (A) : Mass communication promotes national integration and provides entertainment.
Reason (R) : It strengthens democracy in the country by providing news to the masses. They feel attached to the country and a feeling of Nationalism arises in them.
Mass communication provides entertainment and helps in creating awareness among people. The reason justifies the assertion.