History – India and Contemporary World II
Chapter 3: The Making of a Global World
Directions: Mark the option which is most suitable :
(a) If both assertion and reason are true and reason is the correct explanation of assertion.
(b) If both assertion and reason are true but reason is not the correct explanation of assertion.
(c) If assertion is true but reason is false.
(d) If both assertion and reason are false.
Assertion (A) : There was a collapse of the system of fixed exchange rates and the introduction of a system of floating exchange rates.
Reason (R) : From the 1960s, the rising costs of its overseas involvements weakened the US’s financesand competitive strength. It could not command confidence as the world’s principal currency.
Assertion (A) : The Portuguese and Spanish conquest and colonisation of Antarctica was decisively under way by the mid-sixteenth century.
Reason (R) : The most powerful weapon of the Spanish conquerors was the germs such as those of Swine flu that they carried on their person.
(d) The Portuguese and Spanish conquest and colonisation of America was decisively under way by the mid-sixteenth century. The most powerful weapon of the Spanish conquerors was not a conventional military weapon but they carried germs of small pox on themselves. Thus, both the assertion and reason are false.
Assertion (A) : The railways, steamships, the telegraph were important inventions which transformed the nineteenth-century world.
Reason (R) : Colonisation stimulated new investments and improvements in transport.
Assertion (A) : ‘Chutney music’, popular in Trinidad and Guyana, is another creative contemporary expression of the post-indenture experience.
Reason (R) : Some of the Naipaul’s early novels capture their sense of loss and alienation.
Assertion (A) : Over the nineteenth century, British manufacturers flooded the Indian market.
Reason (R) : The value of Indian exports to Britain was much higher than the value of British imports to India.
Assertion (A) : The First World War involved the world’s leading industrial nations which harnessed the vast powers of modem industry to inflict the greatest possible destruction of enemies.
Reason (R) : It was the first modern industrial war, which saw the use of robots and satellites on a massive scale.
(c) It was the first modem industrial war, which saw the use of machine guns, tanks, aircraft, chemical weapons, etc, on a massive scale. Therefore, the assertion is true but reason is false.
Assertion (A) : When the supply of wheat was disrupted during the First World War, wheat production in Canada, America and Australia expanded dramatically.
Reason (R) : Before the First World War, Asia was a major supplier of wheat in the world market.
Assertion (A) : During the Great Depression, agricultural regions and communities were worst affected.
Reason (R) : The fall in agricultural prices was greater and more prolonged than that in the prices of industrial goods.