Political Science – Democratic Politics II
Chapter 1: Power Sharing
Directions: Mark the option which is most suitable :
(a) If both assertion and reason are true and reason is the correct explanation of assertion.
(b) If both assertion and reason are true but reason is not the correct explanation of assertion.
(c) If assertion is true but reason is false.
(d) If both assertion and reason are false.
Assertion (A) : Tyranny of majority is highly desirable.
Reason (R) : It helps in making the political order more stable.
(d) Tyranny of majority community is oppressive for the minority community and can also ruin the majority. It is a source of dissatisfaction and tension which is a source of political instability.
Assertion (A) : In Belgium, the leaders realized that the unity of the country is possible by respecting the feelings and interest of different countries.
Reason (R) : Belgium favoured Dutch speaking community.
(d) Belgians adapted a power sharing arrangement in which all the communities have equal representation. This helped in relieving tension between the different communities. Thus they did not favour am/ particular community.
Both the assertion and reason are false.
Assertion (A) : French speaking community in Belgium was rich and powerful.
Reason (R) : Belgian Government favoured French speaking community.
(c) There was ethnic tension between French speaking and Dutch speaking communities in Belgium. For resolving, the government adopted a power sharing arrangement where all the communities got equal representation.
Assertion (A) : In a democracy, everyone has voice in the shaping of public policies.
Reason (R) : India has federal system.
(b) In a democracy, people elect the representatives who participate in the decision making process. Due respect and proper representation is given to diverse groups in a democratic system. Hence, in democracy everyone has voice in the shaping of public policies. However the reason does not justify the assertion.
Assertion (A) : Power should reside with one person and group located at one place in a democracy.
Reason (R) : If the power is dispersed, it will not be possible to take decision quickly and enforce it.
Assertion (A) : Belgium and Sri Lanka both faced ethical tension among different communities.
Reason (R) : Both the countries resolved the conflict by power sharing arrangement which gave equal representation to all the communities.
(c) Belgians adopted a power sharing model where all the communities got equal representation; this helped in solving tension between different communities. However, Sri Lanka tried to promote the supremacy of Sinhala community which eventually led to civil war. Thus the reason is false.
Assertion (A) : There was a feeling of alienation among Sri Lankan Tamils.
Reason (R) : The Sri Lankan government denied them equal political rights and discriminated against them in getting jobs and other opportunities,
(a) An act was passed in 1956 to recognize Sinhala as an official language. The government of Sri Lanka favoured people from Sinhala community for higher education and government jobs. It led to resentment among Sri Lankan Tamils as government was not sensitive to their culture and language.
Assertion (A) : Community government in Belgium is elected by one language community.
Reason (R) : Community government helped in resolving conflict between different linguistic groups.
(a) Community government is elected by people of one language community, i.e. French, Dutch and German speaking. Such a government has power related to culture, education and language issues. It helps in resolving conflicts between different ethical groups by safeguarding the interest of its group.
Assertion (A) : Sinhala was recognized as only official language of Sri Lanka.
Reason (R) : The government of Sri Lanka wanted to establish the supremacy of Sinhala community.
(a) The government of Sri Lanka passed an Act in 1956 to recognize Sinhala as only official language of Sri Lanka. The government also formulated preferential policies to favour Sinhala applicants for university positions and government jobs .
All this was done to establish supremacy of Sinhala community. Thus the reason justifies the assertion.
Assertion (A) : Power Sharing is good.
Reason (R) : It leads to ethical tension.
Assertion (A) : Power can be shared among governments at different levels –a general government for the entire country and governments at the provincial or regional level.
Reason (R) : Such a general government for the entire country is usually called federal government.
Assertion (A) : In Belgium, the Dutch community could take advantage of its numeric majority and force its will on the French and German-speaking population.
Reason (R) : In Sri Lanka, the Sinhala community enjoyed an even bigger majority and could impose its will on the entire country.
Assertion (A) : Sri Lanka emerged as an independent country in 1946.
Reason (R) : The leaders of the Sinhala community sought to secure dominance over government by virtue of their majority.
Assertion (A) : Although judges are appointed by the executive, they can check the functioning of executive or laws made by the legislatures.
Reason (R) : The arrangement of monarchy is called a system of chess and balances.