English Language & Literature
Case Based Factual Passage
Multiple Choice Questions Type
Case Study Based Factual Passage 03
Read the passage and answer the questions that follow:
- Neha is only 11 years old – and should be in school. In August 2009, when she was around one year old, the Indian parliament had passed the landmark Right to Education Act that made education free and compulsory for children between the ages 6 and 14. Neha’s parents enrolled her in school when she was six, but she dropped out four years later, before completing elementary school. She had to help her mother with housework and look after her younger siblings.
- School education in India has had its ups and down over the past few decades but one thing which has remained almost constant is the lopsided ratio between male and female students. Though the scene is not as dismal as it used to be, but we have a long way to go.
- The All-India Survey of Higher Education published by the UGC last week shows the ratio of boys is higher than girls at almost every level of education. In broader terms, the student enrolment at the undergraduate level has 51% boys and 49% girls. The data reveals diploma too has a skewed gender distribution, with 66.8% boys and 33.2% girls. At the level of research streams also, male students outnumber females. In PhD courses across the country, 80.18% boys and 19.82% girls.
- One of the most alarming fact is that the number of dropouts at school level is much higher in girls. In rural areas almost 50% of the girl students drop out after high school and almost 20% complete their higher secondary education. The number of girls completing their college education is merely 15% of the total female school going population, while female postgraduates in a rural area are a meagre 2% of that. However, the dropout rate among the girls is much lower in cities.
- Literacy and level of education are basic indicators of the level of development achieved by a society. Higher levels of female literacy lead to a greater awareness and contributes to the improvement of economic and social conditions. It acts as a catalyst for social upliftment, population control and better health standards.
The purpose of the Right to Education Act 2009 by Indian parliament was to provide _____. Choose the correct
(a) free and compulsory food for children between the ages 6 and 14.
(b) free and compulsory books for children aged 6-14.
(c) free and compulsory education for children aged 6-14.
(d) free and compulsory shelter for children between the ages 6 and 14.
Select the option that is true for the two statements given below.
(1) The dropout rate among the girls is much lower in cities.
(2) At the level of research streams also, male students outnumber females.
(a) (2) is the reason for (1).
(b) (1) contradicts (2).
(c) (1) is independent of (2).
(d) (2) is the result of (1)
Select the option that gives the correct meaning of the following statement.
Higher levels of female literacy lead to a greater awareness.”
(a) Women form half of the society and will have a lot more to contribute if they are educated.
(b) Greater awareness should be spread around the nation to advocate for female literacy.
(c) It has been proven that female literacy is more important than male literacy.
(d) Female literacy is easier to achieve at higher levels and can be beneficial for society.
According to the All-India Survey of Higher Education, there is a skewed gender distribution because____.
(a) it is far more convenient to educate the male students.
(b) the data collected was not a proper indication of reality.
(c) girls are not interested in getting education as much as boys.
(d) girls are pressurised to drop out at an early age to be of domestic help at home.
Select the option listing what the given sentence refers to ‘the student enrolment at the undergraduate level has 51% boys and 49% girls.’
(1) The percentage of female undergraduates is less than 49%.
(2) The ratio of male to female undergraduates is balanced.
(3) The percentage of male undergraduates is 51%.
(4) The undergraduate enrolment is skewed towards male students.
(5) The percentage of female undergraduates is less than 51%.
(a) (2), (3) and (4)
(b) (2), (4) and (5)
(c) (3), (4) and (5)
(d) (1), (2) and (4)
For which of the following programs, the maximum percentage of female students from rural areas are enrolled?
(b) high school
(c) secondary education
The passage lists an example proving that school education in India has _______. Select the correct option.
(a) succeeded in terms of enrolling more female students
(b) little to no hope in improving the quality for women’s education
(c) failed even after the introduction of Right to Education Act
(d) a lot of work to do in improving gender disparity
Choose the correct option to answer the following:
According to paragraph 5, ‘Literacy and level of education are basic indicators of the level of development achieved by a society’. This is so because
(a) literate people may not necessarily mean that they are educated.
(b) a developed society is driven by an educated majority.
(c) higher the level of education, lesser is their contribution towards the society.
(d) development of the society inversely relates to its literacy.