English Language & Literature

Case Based Factual Passage

Class 10

Multiple Choice Questions Type

Case Study Based Factual Passage 04

Read the passage and answer the questions that follow:

  1. High-altitude climbing is still a very dangerous task in spite of the availability of oxygen masks and other protective equipment, which modern climbers take with them. These, of course, are indispensable accessories of climbing, but more important than these is the stamina of the climber, which ultimately determines the success of his attempt. Throughout his journey, death is his constant companion, which he can keep at a distance only with his superb presence of mind.
  2. He has to tread every inch of the ground with utmost care, for a false step may not only strike him a fatal blow, but also bring disaster to the whole expedition. That is why all expeditions invariably take with them local guides who are experienced climbers and who have a thorough knowledge of the nature of the terrain. Moreover, a huge amount of capital is needed for financing these expeditions, and this is generally provided by governments or rich private
    organisations.
  3. The primary object of a mountaineering expedition is to get to the top of a high mountain, which, in the past has withstood all attempts to conquer it. But it should not be presumed that the expedition is a complete failure if it does not reach its destination. Sometimes operations are temporarily suspended because of bad weather, loss of some valuable equipment or the sudden death of a very important member of the party.
  4. Every big expedition takes with it men who are interested in botany, biology, geology and various other branches of science, and these men carry with them equipment for recording their observations concerning the weather, the terrain, and different forms of life in higher altitudes. Other scientists, explorers and expeditionists utilise the fruits of their observations. Thus, every unsuccessful expedition contributes to the success of later expeditions.
  5. The British Expedition led by Colonel Hunt would have found their way to Everest much more difficult had not earlier expeditions armed them with useful knowledge about the death-dealing weather which they had to encounter in the vicinity of the summit.
  6. To ordinary people, mountaineering need not be a fearful journey in the land of snowstorms, where the brave adventurer is always face to face with death. They can scale less ambitious heights, rest their weary limbs under a quiet shelter and feast their eyes in the distant landscape. In the company of friends they can enjoy an outing near a waterfall or cross into the next valley with haversacks full of provisions dangling from their shoulders. All those who can afford to go to hill station should seek this innocent pleasure, for it can be had without any risk to life or limb.

Question.1.
Which of the following is one of the protective equipments used by modern climbers?

(a) Oxygen masks
(b) Oxygen cylinders
(c) Protective wear
(d) Protective medicines

(a) Oxygen masks

Question.2.
Which of the following ultimately is the secret to successful climbing of the mountains?

(a) Experience of the climber
(b) Height of the mountain
(c) Stamina of the climber
(d) Health condition of the climber

(c) Stamina of the climber

Question.3.
Choose the option that lists the CORRECT answers for the following:
1. These people had found their way to the Everest but not much before learning in the earlier expeditions with the death-dealing weather. Who were they?
2. Some people utilize their observations for their future expeditions and they are a group of people. Who are they?

(a) (1) is a lot of travelers and (2) is a group of women achievers
(b) (1) is a group of scientists and (2) is a group of students
(c) (1) is the British expedition and (2) is a group of explorers
(d) (1) is a group of workers and (2) is a few local guides

(c) (1) is the British expedition and (2) is a group of explorers

Question.4.
Based on your understanding of the passage, choose the option that lists the CORRECT aspects of mountaineering.

(a) 1 and 3
(b) 5 and 6
(c) 2 and 4
(d) 3 and 5

(a) 1 and 3

Question.5.
Which of the following is one of the reasons for the temporary suspension of mountaineering expeditions?

(a) Bad weather
(b) Bad company
(c) Bad coach
(d) Loss of money

(a) Bad weather

Question.6.
Which of the following should be present in a person for going for a mountaineering expedition?

(a) Love for mountains
(b) Love for nature
(c) Love for the environment
(d) All of the above

(d) All of the above

Question.7.
Which of the following is always there with regard to mountaineering?

(a) Risk to life
(b) Risk of money
(c) Risk of losing the group
(d) Risk of going missing

(a) Risk to life

Question.8.
Which of the following words means the opposite of ‘energetic’?

(a) Feast
(b) Quiet
(c) Weary
(d) Dangling

(c) Weary

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