English Language & Literature

Discursive Passage

Class 10

Multiple Choice Questions Type

Discursive Passage 02

Read the passage and answer the questions that follow:

  1. Have you ever failed at something so miserably that the thought of attempting to do it again was the last thing on your mind?
  2. If your answer is yes, then you should understand that you are not a robot. Unlike robots, we human beings have feelings, emotions, and dreams. We are all meant to grow despite our circumstances and limitations. Flourishing and trying to make our dreams come true feels great when life goes our way. But what happens when it does not? What happens when you fail despite all your hard work? Do you stay down and accept defeat or do you get up again? If you
    tend to persevere and keep going, you have what experts call ‘grit’.
  3. Falling down or failing is one of the most agonising, embarrassing, and scary human experiences. But it is also one of the most educational, empowering, and essential parts of living a successful and fulfilling life. Did you know that perseverance (grit) is one of the seven qualities that has been described as the key to personal success and betterment in society? The other six are curiosity, gratitude, optimism, self-control, social intelligence, and zest. Thomas 44 is an example of grit for trying more than 1,000 times to invent the light bulb. If you are reading this with the lights on in your room, you will realise the importance of his success. When asked why he kept going despite hundreds of failures, he merely stated that they had not been failures, they were hundreds of attempts towards creating the light bulb. This statement not only revealed his grit but also his optimism for looking at the bright side.
  4. Grit can be learnt to help you become more successful. One of the techniques that help is mindfulness. Mindfulness is a practice that makes an individual stay at the moment by bringing awareness of his or her experience without judgement. This practice has been used to quieten the noise of fears and doubts. Through this simple practice of mindfulness, individuals have the ability to stop the self sabotaging downward spiral of hopelessness, despair, and frustration.
  5. What did you do to overcome the negative and self sabotaging feelings of failure? Reflect on what you did, and try to use those same powerful resources to help you today.

Question.1.
According to the passage, what, from the following, is the greatest human quality to hold on to?

(a) healthy diet and good nutrition.
(b) perseverance and learning from failure.
(c) being inquisitive and not giving up on studies.
(d) self-sabotaging feelings of failure.

(b) perseverance and learning from failure.

Question.2.
Select the option that suitably completes the dialogue with reference to paragraph 3.
Simran: I can’t seem to be good at anything I try, why is it always me who has to fail and be a disappointment all the time?
Vivekni: Don’t sell yourself short! You have ___________

(a) to understand that human beings have their limitations and move on.
(b) to be realistic in your approach and give up if it doesn’t work out.
(c) all the money in the world to never worry a day about your future.
(d) shown the will to try something new even after all you’ve gone through.

(d) shown the will to try something new even after all you’ve gone through

Question.3.
Choose the option that best conveys the message in – ‘quieten the noise of fears and doubts.’

(a) shun all the anxiety and be mindful of your capabilities
(b) hear the sound of chaos and confusion in your mind
(c) focus on what’s wrong with you all the time
(d) lower down the volume of all the noises in the surroundings

(a) shun all the anxiety and be mindful of your capabilities

Question.4.
What qualities are the key to personal success and betterment in society? Choose one option from the following:

(a) Pessimism, self-control and social intelligence.
(b) Guilt, gratitude and optimism.
(c) Curiosity, perseverance and zest.
(d) Determination, procrastination and grit.

(c) Curiosity, perseverance and zest

Question.5.
Select the option with the underlined words that can suitably replace the word despair (paragraph 4).

(a) My car has been in a state of disrepair for a while now so I must get it checked.
(b) The little kid was in distress to find out that all the chocolates have already been eaten.
(c) Those who were not present at the meeting will be demanded an apology to the panel.
(d) It is hard to believe sometimes that he can have such disregard for his family.

(b) The little kid was in distress to find out that all the chocolates have already been eaten.

Question.6.
A metaphor is a figure of speech that indirectly refers to one thing by mentioning another, which is not meant to be taken literally.
From the options given below, select a Metaphor for optimism that appears in the para 3.

(a) spiral of hopelessness
(b) fulfilling life
(c) looking at the bright side
(d) stay at the moment

(c) looking at the bright side

Question.7.
Select the qualities from paragraph 3, that the author wants us to imbibe. Being:
(1) grateful
(2) pacifistic
(3) optimistic
(4) determinate
(5) sarcastic

(a) (1), (3) and (4)
(b) (3), (4) and (5)
(c) (1), (2) and (4)
(d) (2), (4) and (5)

(a) (1), (3) and (4)

Question.8.
Which of the following is meant by the downward spiral of hopelessness?

(a) disturbing the natural course of events.
(b) plummeting into depression.
(c) circling around one thought.
(d) deliberately trying again.

(b) plummeting into depression

Question.9.
What does the author advise, in paragraph 5?

(a) To be socially intelligent and knowledgeable.
(b) Introspecting failure and moving on.
(c) Relaxing after a day of hard work.
(d) Sharing life lessons with one another.

(b) Introspecting failure and moving on.

Question.10.
Choose the option that lists the quote best expressing the central idea of the passage.

(a) “I think I am going to have to supercharge my optimism to arm myself for the battle ahead.” —Rebecca Bloom
(b) “Develop your character so that you are a person of integrity.” —Peter Cain
(c) “Failure is only the opportunity to begin again, this time more intelligently.”—Henry Ford
(d) “Our deeds determine us, as much as we determine our deeds.”—George Eliot

(c) “Failure is only the opportunity to begin again, this time more intelligently.”—Henry Ford

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