English Language & Literature

Discursive Passage

Class 10

Multiple Choice Questions Type

Discursive Passage 04

Read the passage and answer the questions that follow:

  1. The difference between democracy and dictatorship is that in a democracy, people get to choose their leaders while in a dictatorship, a single individual or political entity rules the country. Democracy allows the free development of human personality whereas the other form of government hinders the development of human personality. Both are opposite political philosophies in terms of perception and approach and come with some merits and demerits.
  2. The basic characteristics of democracy are equality, liberty and fraternity. It gives freedom of thought, speech and expression. It promises active participation and involvement of the governed in the governance. The chief principle of democracy is that power is implemented with respect to human rights. It makes people interested in the country and its democratic process. In democratic government, individuals’ freedom and rights are given importance. Democracy gives right to eligible people to choose their leader but most people make irrational judgements. The majority of population in developing nations such as India is illiterate and the judgement made is not completely independent.
  3. In dictatorship, the governed has no right to voice his/her opinion. While in dictatorship, the absolute power is concentrated in the hands of the dictator. A strong and well-run dictatorship can be very effective. It can prove to be better than democracy. But there is a fear that the dictator may become authoritarian and ruthless. As the power lies in the hands of a single individual, it is solely on the dictator as to how he uses the power. He can use it for the advancement of the nation or for purposes like exploiting people, terrorism and so on.
  4. There is no guarantee that justice would be served in any form of government. The success of any form of government is based on the selection of rulers or political leaders selected by the people. Personally, I value the dignity of the individual, equality and justice. I believe democracy is any day better than the other alternatives.

Question.1.
People get to choose their leaders in which government?

(a) Democracy
(b) Dictatorship
(c) Authoritarianism
(d) Totalitarianism

(a) Democracy

Question.2.
Choose the option that best captures the central idea of the passage from the given quotes.

Discursive Passage 04

(a) Option 1
(b) Option 2
(c) Option 3
(d) Option 4

(a) Option 1

Question.3.
Which of these is not a basic characteristic of democracy?

(a) Religion
(b) Equality
(c) Liberty
(d) Fraternity

(a) Religion

Question.4.
The chief principle of democracy is that power is implemented with respect to human ___________.

(a) rights
(b) duties
(c) violations
(d) responsibilities

(a) rights

Question.5.
In dictatorship, which type of power is concentrated in the hands of the dictator?

(a) Absolute
(b) Nominal
(c) Little
(d) Maximum

(a) Absolute

Question.6.
In democracy, ___________ people chose their leaders.

(a) eligible
(b) young
(c) old
(d) middle-aged

(a) eligible

Question.7.
What kinds of people are there in developing nations?

(a) Literate
(b) Illiterate
(c) Poor
(d) Rich

(b) Illiterate

Question.8.
Choose the option that correctly states the two different aspects of ‘dictatorship’, as used in the passage.
1. No right to the governed.
2. Dictatorship can be ineffective.
3. Dictatorship does not give freedom.
4. Dictatorship never succeeds.
5. Strong dictatorship can be effective.

(a) 1 and 4
(b) 3 and 5
(c) 1 and 5
(d) 2 and 4

(c) 1 and 5

Question.9.
Which of the following words is an antonym for advancement?

(a) Progress
(b) Growth
(c) Going forth
(d) Stagnation

(d) Stagnation

Question.10.
Which of the following is a fear related to dictators?

(a) Kind
(b) Just
(c) Ruthless
(d) Uniform

(c) Ruthless

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