English Language & Literature

Discursive Passage

Class 10

Multiple Choice Questions Type

Discursive Passage 05

Read the passage and answer the questions that follow:

  1. On the last Sunday of November, among the ruins of the Phra Prang Sam Yot temple in Lopburi, Thailand, a bountiful banquet awaits the guests of honour, none of whom are humans. This feast is held in celebration of Lopburi’s thousands of macaques, thought to bring good luck to the area and its people.
  2. Located 93 miles away from Bangkok, archaeological evidence confirms that Lopburi has been continuously inhabited for at least 3,000 years—this makes it one of the oldest and most historic cities in Thailand. Due to a millennia-worth of human habitation, the city boasts countless ancient sites dating from a variety of civilisations and dynasties.
  3. From what began in 1989 by hotelier Yongyuth Kitwattananusont, the Monkey Buffet Festival was launched with the help of the Tourism Authority of Thailand. Over the years, the festival has expanded to include a large number of primates. In turn, it has seen an increase in the number of visitors who attend this unique event.
  4. In the week leading up to the festival, locals pass out “invitations” to the monkeys with cashews attached to them as a small incentive. But, Lopburi’s residents don’t stop there when it comes to rolling out the red carpet for their furry neighbours.
  5. The Monkey Buffet Festival kicks off with an opening ceremony that includes performances by dancers in monkey costumes. When the monkeys arrive, hosts remove sheets from the banquet tables, revealing decorative spreads of vibrantly hued fruits and vegetables. The macaques jump across tables and climb towering pyramids of watermelon, durian, lettuce, pineapple and more, indulging in the nearly two tons of offerings.
  6. Respect for monkeys traces back at least 2,000 years to the epic tale of Rama, a divine prince, and his struggle to rescue his wife, Sita, from the clutches of a demon lord. According to the tale, the monkey king Hanuman and his army helped rescue Sita. Since that time, monkeys have been appreciated as a sign of good luck and prosperity. Lopburi’s annual buffet is one way people mark their appreciation.

Question.1.
The monkey buffet festival is celebrated to:

(a) calm down the macaques
(b) pet the macaques
(c) mark good luck to the people through monkeys
(d) conserve the macaques

(c) mark good luck to the people through monkeys

Question.2.
Choose the option that best captures the central idea of the passage from the given quotes.
1. “Appreciation is the highest form of prayer, for it acknowledges the presence of good wherever you shine the light of your thankful thoughts.” —Alan Cohen
2. “Be thankful for what you have and you’ll end up having more.” —Oprah Winfrey
3. “You won’t be happy with more until you’re happy with what you’ve got.” —Viki King
4. “We should all be thankful for those people who rekindle the inner spirit.”—Albert Schweitzer

(a) Option 1
(b) Option 2
(c) Option 3
(d) Option 4

(a) Option 1

Question.3.
The traditional monkey buffet festival holds relevance from:

(a) a 2000-year-old epic tale of Lord Rama
(b) the episode when Rama rescued Sita with the help of King Hanuman
(c) the episode when King Hanuman had rescued Sita from the demon God
(d) the episode of offering food to the monkey in epic tales

(a) a 2000-year-old epic tale of Rama

Question.4.
Lopburi, Thailand is famous:

(a) for many ancient sites
(b) as a seat of many civilisations and dynasties
(c) for the Monkey Buffet Festival
(d) all of the above

(c) for the Monkey Buffet Festival

Question.5.
The locals attach cashew to the invitations to:

(a) invite the monkeys
(b) attract monkeys
(c) feed the monkeys
(d) distract the monkeys

(a) invite the monkeys

Question.6.
The residents of Lopburi make the buffet special by:

(a) arranging the food in pyramids
(b) arranging the food in a decorative spread
(c) attaching cashew to the invitation
(d) both (i) and (ii)

(d) both (i) and (ii)

Question.7.
Lopburi’s annual buffet is to appreciate _____ for their role in the epic called Ramayan.

(a) the people
(b) the kings
(c) the soldiers
(d) the monkeys

(d) the monkeys

Question.8.
Choose the option that CORRECTLY states the two aspects related to appreciation in the passage.
1. Appreciation of humans by animals with a festival.
2. Appreciation of animals by inviting them to a feast.
3. Appreciation of primitive humans by the modern humans.
4. Appreciating the macaques through a feast to bring good luck and fortune.
5. Appreciation of the macaques by giving them bananas.

(a) 1 and 4
(b) 2 and 3
(c) 2 and 4
(d) 3 and 5

(c) 2 and 4

Question.9.
Identify a word from the passage which means the opposite of ‘inadequate’.

(a) arrange
(b) towering
(c) vibrant
(d) bountiful

(d) bountiful

Question.10.
The Monkey Buffet Festival owes its commencement to:

(a) the locals
(b) the earlier kings
(c) hotelier Yongyuth Kitwattananusont
(d) the monkey tamers

(c) hotelier Yongyuth Kitwattananusont

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