English Language & Literature

Discursive Passage

Class 10

Multiple Choice Questions Type

Discursive Passage 06

Read the passage and answer the questions that follow:

  1. Till 1988, the Pamban Bridge was the only surface transport that connected Tamil Nadu’s island of Rameswaram to the mainland. Said to be an engineering marvel, the Pamban Bridge was once India’s longest sea bridge, till the Bandra-Worli sea link came up in 2009. What makes Pamban Bridge more wonderful is that it was built more than 100 years ago.
  2. The 2.057 km long bridge, also known as Bridge No. 346 in Indian Railway reference, consists of over 140 spans. The amazing feature of a double-leaf section that can be raised to allow movement of ships and boats was designed by German engineer Scherzer. The 114th span, midway along the bridge, is called the Scherzer span.
  3. Interestingly, the Scherzer span is now being replaced by a modern one to improve the life of the bridge. Pamban Bridge is a cantilever bridge, that has structures that project horizontally into space, supported only on one end.
  4. Until recently, the two leaves of the bridge were opened manually using levers by workers, says Indian Railways. Following cyclone induced tragic train accident in 1964, Indian Railways installed devices to check the wind velocity across the Pamban via duct. Train movement on the bridge is halted when the wind speed exceeds 58 kmph.
  5. The construction of the Pamban Bridge began in 1911 and it was opened in 1914. It was only in 2007 that the railway line on Pamban Bridge was converted from metre-gauge to broad-gauge.
  6. According to Indian Railways, the famed Ramanathaswamy temple in Rameswaram and the Pamban Bridge draw scores of foreign tourists and inland pilgrims to the island.
  7. Even as Indian Railways’ Pamban Bridge continues to be an engineering marvel, yet another railway bridge that is likely to be a stunning site is coming up in Jammu and Kashmir. Said to be the world’s highest railway bridge, the Chenab bridge, is set to be completed by 2019. The bridge will be taller than Paris’ famous Eiffel Tower and is being built to withstand earthquakes.
  8. Yet another bridge that will be a landmark is the Bogibeel Bridge – India’s longest rail-cum-road bridge. The Bogibeel double-deck bridge is being built over the Brahmaputra in the Dibrugarh district of Assam and will connect the North and South banks of the river. The total length of the rail-cum-road bridge will be 4.9 km.

Question.1.
The Pamban bridge used to be:

(a) the only surface transport of India
(b) the longest sea bridge
(c) operated manually
(d) all of the above

(d) all of the above

Question.2.
Choose the option that best captures the central idea of the passage from the given quotes.
1. “Mistakes are the usual bridge between inexperience and wisdom.” — Phyllis Theroux
2. “The hardest thing in life is to know which bridge to cross, and which to burn.” —David Russell
3. “What is great in man is that he is a bridge and not a goal.” — Friedrich Nietzsches
4. “Travel is the bridge between you and everything.” —Rumi

(a) Option 1
(b) Option 2
(c) Option 3
(d) Option 4

(d) Option 4

Question.3.
Which of the following is NOT TRUE about the Pamban Bridge?

(a) Pamban Bridge connects Tamil Nadu’s island of Rameswaram to the mainland.
(b) Pamban bridge is longer than the Bandra-Worli sea link.
(c) Pamban bridge draws a lot of foreign tourists.
(d) Pamban bridge is also known as Bridge No. 346 in Indian Railway reference.

(b) Pamban bridge is longer than the Bandra-Worli sea link.

Question.4.
The Chenab bridge:

(a) is over Brahmaputra river
(b) will be taller than the Eiffel tower in Paris
(c) is a rail-cum-road bridge
(d) is one of the oldest bridges

(b) will be taller than the Eiffel tower in Paris

Question.5.
Which of the following statements is not true?

(a) The Bogibeel Bridge will be a single deck rail-cum-road bridge.
(b) The Pamban bridge was constructed in the twentieth century.
(c) Chenab Bridge is a railway bridge.
(d) The 114th span of the Pamban Bridge was named after its designer, the German engineer Scherzer.

(a) The Bogibeel Bridge will be a single deck rail-cum-road bridge.

Question.6.
The bridge that will connect the north and south bank of river Brahmaputra in Assam is:

(a) Pamban bridge
(b) Chenab bridge
(c) Bogibeel bridge
(d) Worli Sea link

(c) Bogibeel bridge

Question.7.
The railway line on Pamban Bridge was converted from metre-gauge to broad-gauge in:

(a) 2008
(b) 2009
(c) 2007
(d) 2010

(c) 2007

Question.8.
Choose the option that CORRECTLY states the two aspects of Pamban bridge.
1. Pamban Bridge was the only surface transport that connected Tamil Nadu’s island of Rameswaram to the mainland.
2. The amazing feature of a double-leaf section that can be raised to allow movement of ships and boats was designed by German engineer Scherzer.
3. The Scherzer span is now being replaced by a modern one to improve the life of the bridge.
4. Indian Railways installed devices to check the wind velocity across the Pamban via duct.
5. Pamban Bridge is a cantilever bridge, that has structures that project horizontally into space, supported only on one end.

(a) 1 and 5
(b) 2 and 4
(c) 3 and 5
(d) 3 and 4

(a) 1 and 5

Question.9.
Which of the following words means the opposite of ‘started’?

(a) Installed
(b) Stunning
(c) Marvel
(d) Halted

(d) Halted

Question.10.
Which of the following words means the same as ‘eye-catching’?

(a) Stunning
(b) Marvel
(c) Landmark
(d) Velocity

(a) Stunning

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