The NEP 2020 has stipulated that attaining ‘Foundational Literacy and Numeracy’ for all children must become an immediate national issue. Keeping that in mind the department of school education has launched a national mission called “National Initiative for Proficiency in Reading with Understanding and Numeracy (NIPUN Bharat) on 05.07.2021.
The Split-up of Syllabus has been prepared keeping in view the objective and goals mentioned in NIPUN BHARAT document. The activities to improve the foundational language and literacy as envisaged in document are as follows: –
The key components in Foundational Language and Literacy are:
- Oral Language Development: The experiences in oral language are important for developing skills of reading and writing.
- Phonological Awareness: This domain includes the competencies of word awareness, rhyme awareness, and awareness of sounds within words which should emerge from their meaningful engagement with language.
- Decoding: This domain includes competencies of print awareness, akshara knowledge and decoding, and word recognition
- Vocabulary: This domain includes the competencies of oral vocabulary, reading/writing vocabulary, and morphological analysis of words.
- Reading Comprehension: This domain covers the competencies of understanding texts and retrieving information from them, as well as interpreting texts.
- Reading Fluency: Refers to the ability to read a text with accuracy, speed (automaticity), expression (prosody), and comprehension that allows children to make meaning from the text.
- Concept about Print: Children need exposure to different types of print rich environment to develop the skill of comprehension.
- Writing: This domain includes the competencies of writing akshara and words as well as writing for expression.
- Culture of Reading/Inclination towards Reading: Involves the motivation to engage with a wide variety of books and other reading materials.
Foundational Numeracy and Mathematics Skills
It means the ability to reason and to apply simple numerical concepts in daily life problem solving. The development of prenumber and number concepts, knowledge and skills of comparing, seriation, classification and recognizing patterns during pre-school serves as a foundation for mathematics learning in early primary classes. The major aspects and components of early mathematics are:
- Pre-Number Concepts: Count and understand the numeration system
- Numbers and operations on numbers: Learn conventions needed for mastery of Mathematical techniques such as the use of a base ten system to represent numbers
- Measurement: Understand and use standard algorithms to perform operations of addition, subtraction, multiplication and division on numbers up to three digits
- Shapes and Spatial Understanding: Perform simple computations in her/his own way up to three-digit numbers and apply these to their day to life activities in different contexts
- Patterns: Learn vocabulary of relational words to extend his/her understanding of space and spatial objects.