English Class 10th Factual Passage 08 Term II

English Language & Literature TERM II

Factual Passage (Solved)

Class 10 Session 2021-2022

Passage 08

Read the passages given below and answer the questions that follow them:


Yesterday, the nation heard its first Independence Day speech by a prime minister born after Independence. Expectations were sky high. And Narendra Modi did deliver, while posting some surprises along the way.

For years the norm has been ho-hum speeches and abstract statistics, while doling out favours to different sectors, communities and states. Modi turned that formula on its head, taking it out for a John F Kennedy spin — Ask not what your country can do for you, ask what you can do for your country. Do ‘jan bhagidhari’ instead of always asking ‘mujhe kya milega’.

He also broke with the formulaic fetishising of diversity. He spoke to a shared national character by speaking to shared shame — like rapes. A good speech is judged by its style and substance, but above all by its impact. The PM’s words on reducing rapes drew huge applause at Red Fort but they derive their true power from the possibility of how they will be heard in the millions of households where they were beamed.

No sooner do girls enter puberty that parents become super vigilant, keeping a constant check on where they are going, who they are meeting. From the grand heights of Red Fort, the PM spoke the plainest commonsense — It would be better all round if parents quizzed their sons more and daughters less. After all every rapist and almost every extremist is someone’s son.

He laid out an ambitious goal of a toilet in every school within a year, saying it was at this level that giving dignity to the poor started. Speaking extempore, he’s shown an ability to meld small details — the difficulty that poor women face in relieving themselves — with a larger vision and agenda for implementation: a manufacturing revolution, financial inclusion and digital makeover.

While Modi may have passed the oratorical test big questions remain: of implementation. For example, take his invitation to the world to ‘Make in India’ everything from paper to plastic, satellite to submarines. This won’t be heeded until India makes big improvements in infrastructure, the land acquisition logjam, labour laws et al.

He indicated a greater role for states by reading the obituary of the Planning Commission. Federalist direction was echoed in urging every MP to develop model villages by the next elections. Since there are more MPs from BJP than other parties, it’s an example of how this PM treads development and electoral tracks simultaneously.

Modi was very conscious of addressing all Indians as directly as possible. But he sent a message across the border too — If our ancestors threw the coloniser out together, can’t we just get along now? Instead of fighting each other, let’s fight poverty together. This year, India’s Independence Day speech is sure to get some attention in the neighbourhood too.

Question.1. How did the nation hear the first Independence Day speech of Narendra Modi?

Like John F. Kennedy, Modi reminded his countrymen what they can do for their nation than asking what the nation can do for them.

Question.2. What did Modi remind the people like John F. Kennedy?

Regarding translating good intentions into solid result, the journey has been quite rockier for the government so far.

Question.3. How did the PM speak to a shared national character?

The Prime Minister spoke freely to a shared national character by speaking to a shared shame — like rapes.

Question.4. When and why do parents become super vigilant?

Parents become super vigilant when their daughters attain puberty, keeping a constant watch on their activities.

Question.5. Why did the PM ask the parents to quiz their sons more than their daughters?

The PM asked the parents to quiz their sons more than their daughters as every rapist and extremist is someone’s son.

Question.6. Did the PM deliver a prepared and written speech on the Independence Day?

No, the Prime Minister made an extempore speech on the Independence Day.

Question.7. What invitation did Modi send to the nations of the world regarding India?

Modi invited the advanced nations of the world to invest in India and make things in India.

Question.8. What should we do instead of fighting each other?

Instead of fighting each other, we should fight poverty together.

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