Information Technology TERM II
Class 10 Session 2021-2022
Case Study Questions 02
Direction Read the case and answer the following questions.
Humans are the only living beings, who can make extensive modifications to their natural environment. In this way, they are able to create an artificial environment for themselves to carry out various social, political and business activities for their development. Man has been modifying his natural environment from time immemorial and exploiting various natural resources such as soil, water, forests, wildlife, minerals etc., to fulfil his various needs. After the industrial revolution in the 18th century, the exploitation of natural resources gained unprecedented momentum. The developmental activities in the last few centuries have led to a widespread destruction of the natural environment and resulted in many environmental problems.
(i) Who can make extensive use of environment?
(a) Human can make extensive use of resources present in the environment by using their various activities. Animals do not cook food, wear clothes, require houses and may more. We require all these to live a healthy life and thus exploiting the environment.
(ii) Which of the following is/are natural resource(s)?
(c) Soil is available naturally on Earth, thus it is natural resource. It is also abundantly available. Soil is formed when large rocks breaks down into sand and silt. We are using soil abundantly to fulfil our needs.
(iii) After which activity, the natural resources are exploited unprecedently?
(b) Industrial revolution
(c) Due to the outcome of Brundtland Report
(d) None of the above
(b) Due to the evolution of industries, human started polluting and exploiting the natural resources like water, air, soil, and thus affecting the normal habitat of animals. For our own needs, trees are being cut down, resulting in the decreasing number of forests which is the natural habitat of animals. The needs of humans are exploiting the environment manifoldly.
(iv) Which of these is/are an integral part of the existence of human being?
(d) All of these
(a) We have been using the resources since out the first walk on Earth. We have being using the resources abundantly and not giving anything to the nature. We can live without wealth and luxuries but not without environment. Thus, environment is an integral part of the existence of human being.
(v) Which of the following human activities impacted the nature?
(a) We remove water from rivers, lakes and aquifers for drinking and cleaning.
(b) We fulfil our food-related needs from both wild and fanned plants and animals.
(c) We cut down trees to get timber that is used as building material.
(d) All of the above
(d) Humans have being exploiting the nature manifoldly by various activities. This shows how selfish a human can be as we are taking everything from the nature without giving it anything. We should conserve our environment for future
generation by limiting our consumption of resources both renewable and non-renewable.