Multiple Choice Questions (MCQs)

The Rise of Nationalism in Europe

MULTIPLE CHOICE QUESTIONS (MCQs)

(1). Who remarked “When France Sneezes, the rest of Europe catches cold”?

(a) Giuseppe Mazzini
(b) Metternich
(c) Louis Philippe
(d) Johann Gottfried

(b) Metternich

(2). Which country had been party of the ‘Ottoman Empire’ since the 15th century?

(a) Spain
(b) Greece
(c) France
(d) Germany

(b) Greece

(3). Which country became full-fledged territorial state in Europe in the year 1789?

(a) Germany
(b) France
(c) England
(d) Spain

(b) France

(4). When was the first clear expression of nationalism noticed in Europe?

(a) 1787
(b) 1759
(c) 1789
(d) 1769

(c) 1789

(5). Which of the following did the European conservatives not believe in?

(a) Traditional institution of state policy
(b) Strengthened monarchy
(c) A return to a society of pre-revolutionary days

(c) A return to a society of pre-revolutionary days

(6). Name the Italian revolutionary from Genoa.

(a) Metternich
(b) Johann Gottfried
(c) Giuseppe Mazzini
(d) None of these

(c) Giuseppe Mazzini

(7). Which language was spoken for purposes of diplomacy in the mid 18th century in Europe?

(a) German
(b) English
(c) French
(d) Spanish

(c) French

(8). What was ‘Young Italy’?

(a) Vision of Italy
(b) Secret society
(c) National anthem of Italy
(d) None of these

(b) Secret society

(9). Treaty of Constantinople recognised ___________ as an independent nation.

(a) Greece
(b) Australia
(c) Italy
(d) None of the above

(a) Greece

(10). Which of the following did not play a role to develop nationalist sentiments?

(a) Art
(b) Music
(c) Climate

(c) Climate

(11). Who was proclaimed the King of United Italy, in 1861?

(a) Giuseppe Garibaldi
(b) Victor Emmanuel II
(c) Giuseppe Mazzini
(d) Cavour

(b) Victor Emmanuel II

(12). Liberal-nationalits mainly belong to which class?

(a) Elite class
(b) Educated middle-class elite
(c) Working class
(d) Artisans

(b) Educated middle-class elite

(13). Where was the first upheaval took place in July, 1803?

(a) Italy
(b) France
(c) Germany
(d) Greece

(b) France

(14). The most serious source of nationalist tension in Europe, after 1871, was an area called:

(a) Ottoman
(b) Prussia
(c) Balkans
(d) Macedonia

(c) Balkans

(15). Which of the following was not a part of Napoleon’s defeat?

(a) Britain
(b) Australia
(c) Italy

(c) Italy

(16). Which newly designed flag was chosen to replace the formal flag ‘Royal Standard’ in France?

(a) Union Jack
(b) Tricolour
(c) White Saltire
(d) Red Cross

(b) Tricolour

(17). Which of the following reforms made the whole system in France more rational and efficient?

(a) Administrative reform
(b) Social reform
(c) Economic reform
(d) Political reform

(a) Administrative reform

(18). Who destroyed democracy in France?

(a) Adolf Hitler
(b) Mussolini
(c) Napolean Bonaparte
(d) Bismarck

(c) Napolean Bonaparte

(19). Which region is ruled over by ‘The Habsburg Empire’?

(a) Austria-Hungary
(b) France-Netherlands
(c) Spain-Portugal
(d) Scotland-Ireland

(a) Austria-Hungary

(20). What was the main occupation in the mid 18th century in Europe?

(a) Trade and commerce
(b) Peasantry
(c) Craftmanship
(d) All of the above

(b) Peasantry

(21). What was the main feature of the pattern of land holding prevailing in the Eastern and Central Europe?

(a) Tenants
(b) Vast estates
(c) Small owners
(d) Landlords

(b) Vast estates

(22). Which country began to use language as a weapon of national resistance?

(a) Poland
(b) Prussia
(c) Hungary
(d) Austria

(a) Poland

(23). What major issue was criticised against by the liberal nationalists?

(a) Censorship laws to control the press
(b) Preservation of the Church
(c) A modern army
(d) Efficient bureaucracy

(d) Efficient bureaucracy

(24). German philosopher, Johann Gottfried clamined that true German culture was to be discovered among the:

(a) Common people
(b) Aristocratic
(c) Middle class elite
(d) None of above

(a) Common people

(25). The meaning of ‘Volksgeist’

(a) Common people
(b) Spirit of the nation
(c) Music
(d) None of above

(b) Spirit of the nation

(26). The place where the priests and bishops were punished.

(a) Siberia
(b) Tundra
(c) Mongolia
(d) None of above

(a) Siberia

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