Case Study Question 02

Political Science - Democratic Politics II

Chapter 7: Outcomes of Democracy

Class 10

Read the following passage carefully and answer the following questions:
Perhaps more than development, it is reasonable to expect democracies to reduce economic disparities. Even when a country achieves economic growth, will wealth be distributed in such a way that all citizens of the country will have a share and lead a better life? Is economic growth in democracies accompanied by increased inequalities among the people? Or do democracies lead to a just distribution of goods and opportunities? Democracies are based on political equality. All individuals have equal weight in electing representatives. Parallel to the process of bringing individuals into the political arena on an equal footing, we find growing economic inequalities. A small number of ultra-rich enjoy a highly disproportionate share of wealth and incomes. Not only that, their share in the total income of the country has been increasing. Those at the bottom of the society have very little to depend upon. Their incomes have been declining. Sometimes they find it difficult to meet their basic needs of life, such as food, clothing, house, education and health. In actual life, democracies do not appear to be very successful in reducing economic inequalities. In Class IX Economics textbook, you have already studied about poverty in India. The poor constitute a large proportion of our voters and no party will like to lose their votes. Yet democratically elected governments do not appear to be as keen to address the question of poverty as you would expect them to. The situation is much worse in some other countries. In Bangladesh, more than half of its population lives in poverty. People in several poor countries are now dependent on the rich countries even for food supplies.

Question.1.
Democratic governments at time do not seems to be keen on ________

(a). The issue of Social Inequality
(b). The issue of Country’s Defense
(c). The issue of Political Participation
(d). The issue of poverty and economic equality.

(d). The issue of poverty and economic equality.

Question.2.
In Democracy there is :

(a) A society necessarily based on Income Equality
(b) A society based on Political Equality
(c) Both of Above
(d) None of Above

(b) A society based on Political Equality

Question.3.
Which one of the Following statement is correct?

(a). The rich and poor all see decrease in Income in Democracy
(b). All have equal share in national Income in Democracy.
(c). The Income of those are at bottom of society is increasing while rich are also getting richer
(d). The Income of those are at bottom of society is decreasing while rich are getting richer

(d). The Income of those are at bottom of society is decreasing while rich are getting richer

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