Assertion Reason Geography Chapter 2 Forest and Wildlife Resources Contemporary India II
Questions of Assertion Reason of Geography Chapter 2 Forest and Wildlife Resources Social Science CBSE Class 10 are very simple to understand as this chapter deals with Forest and Wildlife Resources. To solve assertion reason type questions of Geography of Social science, deeper understanding of concept about Forest and Wildlife Resources is required. In order to help the student in solving Assertion Reason type of questions, detailed process is explained.
How to solve Assertion Reason Type Questions?
In Assertion-Reason type of question, two statements are given, first is Assertion and second is called Reason. Student must have to think critically about both the statements in Assertion Reason Questions, since it combines multiple choice questions and true/false type of questions which requires a higher level of understanding.
How many types are there of Assertion Reason Type Questions?
Assertion-Reason type of questions can be asked either with four MCQ options or with five MCQ options. First four options are same in both the cases only one more options is being provided i.e. last one. One extra option increases the difficulty level of the questions.
In assertion reason type of questions, all 4 or 5 options are same for each question, which are as:
(a) Both assertion (A) and reason (R) are true and reason (R) is the correct explanation of assertion (A).
(b) Both assertion (A) and reason (R) are true but reason (R) is not the correct explanation of assertion (A).
(c) Assertion (A) is true but reason (R) is false.
(d) Assertion (A) is false but reason (R) is true.
(e) Both Assertion and Reason are false.
Then a question haunts in every student’s mind, which option is correct and when?
This can be understood clearly with the following table:
|Assertion (A)||Reason (R)||MCQ Options (Fixed for all questions)|
|If True||True||(a) Both assertion (A) and reason (R) are true and reason (R) is the correct explanation of assertion (A).|
|If True||True||(b) Both assertion (A) and reason (R) are true but reason (R) is not the correct explanation of assertion (A).|
|If True||False||(c) Assertion (A) is true but reason (R) is false.|
|If False||True||(d) Assertion (A) is false but reason (R) is true.|
|If False||False||(e) Both Assertion and Reason are false.|
Now, lets practice some Assertion Reason Questions of Contemporary India II : Geography – Chapter 2: Forest and Wildlife Resources.
Read instructions carefully before answering the questions.
For question given below, two statements are given- one labelled Assertion (A) and the other labelled Reason (R). Select the correct answer to these questions from the codes (a), (b), (c) and (d) as given below:
(a) Both A and R are true and R is correct explanation of the assertion.
(b) Both A and R are true but R is not the correct explanation of the assertion.
(c) A is true but R is false.
(d) A is false but R is true.
Assertion (A) : Forests plays a key role in the ecological system.
Reason (R) : Forest are the primary producers on which all other living beings depend.
The plants, animals and micro-organisms re-create the quality of the air we breathe, the water we drink and the soil that produces our food without which we cannot survive. Thus, we are very much dependent on this system for our own existence.
Assertion (A) : Neglect of our environment has led to the destruction and extinction of many species of animals and plant life.
Reason (R) : Decreasing Forest cover area is a major reason of destruction of species.
Vanishing forests are the major reason for the extinction of species of animals and plant life. Thus, neglecting our environment has led to dire consequences.
Assertion (A) : Depletion of forests causes a lot of danger.
Reason (R) : Forests are vital for the quality of life and environment.
Depletion of forests causes a lot of danger. Water scarcity, drought and deforestation induced floods are some of the dangers. Thus, forests are vital for the quality of life and environment.
Assertion (A) : Large-scale development projects have also contributed significantly to the loss of forests.
Reason (R) : Large scale development projects doesn’t inundate hectares of forest.
Clearing of forests is still continuing with projects like the Narmada Sagar Project in Madhya Pradesh which would inundate large areas of forests. Thus, contributing significantly to the loss of forests.
Assertion (A) : Himalayan Yew is a medicinal plant.
Reason (R) : It has healing qualities.
A chemical compound called ‘taxol’ is extracted from the bark, needles, twigs and roots of this tree, and it has been successfully used to treat some cancers.
Assertion (A) : We need to conserve our forests and wildlife.
Reason (R) : Rapid decline in wildlife population and forestry has been observed.
Conservation preserves the ecological diversity and our life support systems and also preserves the genetic diversity of plants and animals for better growth of species and breeding. Thus, there is a dire need for conservation our forests and wildlife.
Assertion (A) : Tiger population is not on the verge of extinction.
Reason (R) : Tiger population in forests is increasing rapidly day by day.
Tiger population is on the verge of extinction and the major threats to tiger population are numerous, such as poaching for trade, shrinking habitat, depletion of prey base species, growing human population.
Assertion (A) : Destruction of forests and wildlife resulted into the loss of cultural diversity.
Reason (R) : The conservation of forests and wildlife is essential to provide a better
quality of life.
The destruction of forests and wildlife has affected the livelihood of many communities who are dependent oh forests. Thus, resulting in loss of cultural diversity and severe droughts and floods. However the Season does not explain the assertion.
Assertion (A) : The tree is a peculiar organism of unlimited kindness.
Reason (R) : Trees are living organisms which makes no demands for its sustenance, and extends generously the products of its life activity.
It affords protection to all beings, offering shade even to the axe men who destroy it. Therefore, the tree is an organism of unlimited kindness that extends generosity to humanity.