Assertion Reason Business Studies I Chapter 2 Principles of Management

Questions of Assertion Reason Business Studies I Chapter 2 Principles of Management CBSE Class 12 are given here. To solve assertion reason type questions of Business Studies I, deeper understanding of concept about Principles of Management is required. In order to help the student in solving Assertion Reason type of questions, detailed process is explained.

How to solve Assertion Reason Type Questions?
In Assertion-Reason type of question, two statements are given, first is Assertion and second is called Reason. Student must have to think critically about both the statements in Assertion Reason Questions, since it combines multiple choice questions and true/false type of questions which requires a higher level of understanding.

How many types are there of Assertion Reason Type Questions?
Assertion-Reason type of questions can be asked either with four MCQ options or with five MCQ options. First four options are same in both the cases only one more options is being provided i.e. last one. One extra option increases the difficulty level of the questions.

In assertion reason type of questions, all 4 or 5 options are same for each question, which are as:

(a) Both assertion (A) and reason (R) are true and reason (R) is the correct explanation of assertion (A).
(b) Both assertion (A) and reason (R) are true but reason (R) is not the correct explanation of assertion (A).
(c) Assertion (A) is true but reason (R) is false.
(d) Assertion (A) is false but reason (R) is true.
(e) Both Assertion and Reason are false.

Then a question haunts in every student’s mind, which option is correct and when?
This can be understood clearly with the following table:

Assertion (A)Reason (R)MCQ Options (Fixed for all questions)
If TrueTrue(a) Both assertion (A) and reason (R) are true and reason (R) is the correct explanation of assertion (A).
If TrueTrue(b) Both assertion (A) and reason (R) are true but reason (R) is not the correct explanation of assertion (A).
If TrueFalse(c) Assertion (A) is true but reason (R) is false.
If FalseTrue(d) Assertion (A) is false but reason (R) is true.
If FalseFalse(e) Both Assertion and Reason are false.

Now, lets practice some Assertion Reason Questions of Business Studies I  Chapter 2 Principles of Management

Read instructions carefully before answering the questions.

For question given below, two statements are given- one labelled Assertion (A) and the other labelled Reason (R). Select the correct answer to these questions from the codes (a), (b), (c) and (d) as given below:

(a) Both A and R are true and R is correct explanation of the assertion.
(b) Both A and R are true but R is not the correct explanation of the assertion.
(c) A is true but R is false.
(d) A is false but R is true.

Question.1.
Assertion (A): A tenet of scientific management is cooperation and harmony between workers and managers.
Reason (R): Taylor believed in participative management.

Ans.1. (c)
A is true but R is false.

Question.2.
Assertion (A): The principle of Harmony, Not Discord states that there should be complete harmony between the management and the workers.
Reason (R): There is no need for a mental revolution.

Ans.2. (c)
A is true but R is false.

Question.3.
Assertion (A): Functional foremanship technique divides the work of factory manager into two sub departments.
Reason (R): Functional foremanship develops specialisation.

Ans.3. (a)
Both A and R are true and R is correct explanation of the assertion.

Question.4.
Assertion (A): Time study refers to determining the standard time required to
complete a particular activity.
Reason (R): Time study is done to get the estimated figure of labour costs.

Ans.4. (a)
Both A and R are true and R is correct explanation of the assertion.

Question.5.
Assertion (A): Differential piece wage system is a technique which does not differentiate between efficient and less efficient workers.
Reason (R): Differential piece wage system acts as an incentive for less efficient workers to be motivated to perform better.

Ans.5. (d)
A is false but R is true.

Question.6.
Assertion (A): Scientific management is the application of scientific tools, methods
and trained personnel.
Reason (R): The decisions under scientific management are taken at the wish of managers to increase the output.

Ans.6. (c)
A is true but R is false.

Question.7.
Assertion (A): Industrial efficiency depends upon the efficiency of workers.
Reason (R): Worker’s efficiency depends upon proper training and their selection.

Ans.7. (b)
Both A and R are true but R is not the correct explanation of the assertion.

Question.8.
Assertion (A): Time study is conducted to determine the standard time required to determine perform a job.
Reason (R): The standard time is determined on the basis of the average time taken by an average worker.

Ans.8. (a)
Both A and R are true and R is correct explanation of the assertion.

Question.9.
Assertion (A): In functional foremanship, Taylor proposed eight specialists foremen, four each under Planning and Production department
Reason (R): Time and cost clerk under production incharge prepares time and cost
sheet.

Ans.9. (c)
A is true but R is false.

Question.10.
Assertion (A): Work study ensures minimum production at maximum cost.
Reason (R): Work study includes Time study, Motion Study, Method Study and Fatigue study for getting best contribution.

Ans.10. (d)
A is false but R is true.

Question.11.
Assertion (A): The principles of management are not rigid like pure science.
Reason (R): The development of the principles of management is considered science and their application, an art.

Ans.11. (b)
Both A and R are true but R is not the correct explanation of the assertion.

Question.12.
Assertion (A): The principles of management are flexible.
Reason (R): The principles of management can be modified by the managers according to the given situation.

Ans.12. (a)
Both A and R are true and R is correct explanation of the assertion.

Question.13.
Assertion (A): Time study determines the standard time taken by a workman to perform a given task.
Reason (R): It is human tendency that a person feels physically and mentally tired if he/she is made to work continuously without any rest.

Ans.13. (b)
Both A and R are true but R is not the correct explanation of the assertion.

Question.14.
Assertion (A): The entire work is divided into small task/jobs and each task/job is performed by a trained specialist.
Reason (R): The intent of division of work is to produce more and better work from the same effort.

Ans.14. (a)
Both A and R are true and R is correct explanation of the assertion.

Question.15.
Assertion (A): Gang plank permits direct communication between the employees working in different positions without violating the scalar chain.
Reason (R): Gang plank is the only approach to be followed for the growth organization.

Ans.15. (c)
A is true but R is false.

Question.16.
Assertion (A): The principles of Harmony not discord & concept of Mental Revolution though appear to be different yet they do convey similar meaning.
Reason (R): The essence of both is the underlying spirit of mutual co-operation.

Ans.16. (a)
Both A and R are true and R is correct explanation of the assertion.

Question.17.
Assertion (A): If two employees at the same level are not treated at par by their
superior, it would lead to job dissatisfaction.
Reason (R): Principle of Equity.

Ans.17. (a)
Both A and R are true and R is correct explanation of the assertion.

Question.18.
Assertion (A): According to Division of work the whole work is divided into small task or unit of work should be assigned to one person according to the capacity, qualification and experience of the person.
Reason (R): When a person is performing a part again and again he will become perfect and get the benefit of specialization.

Ans.18. (a)
Both A and R are true and R is correct explanation of the assertion.

Question.19.
Assertion (A): Taylor gave the concept of scientific management.
Reason (R): Taylor was an American Mechnical Engineer who sought to improve industrial efficiency.

Ans.19. (a)
Both A and R are true and R is correct explanation of the assertion.

Question.20.
Assertion (A): Management principles are not as rigid as principles of pure science.
Reason (R): Management principles deal with human behaviour.

Ans.20. (a)
Both A and R are true and R is correct explanation of the assertion.

Question.21.
Assertion (A): The principles of management should be distinguished from techniques of management.
Reason (R): Techniques are guidelines to take decisions while practicing principles

Ans.21. (c)
A is true but R is false.

Question.22.
Assertion (A): Principles are guidelines to action.
Reason (R): Principles help managers to take decisions while performing functions of management.

Ans.22. (a)
Both A and R are true and R is correct explanation of the assertion.

Question.23.
Assertion (A): The principles of management are guidelines to action but do not provide readymade straitjacket solutions to all managerial problems
Reason (R): The real business situations are very complex and dynamic and are a result of many factors.

Ans.23. (a)
Both A and R are true and R is correct explanation of the assertion.

Question.24.
Assertion (A): Unity of Command affects the entire organisation adversely.
Reason (R): Unity of command prevents dual subordination.

Ans.24. (d)
A is false but R is true.

Question.25.
Assertion (A): A tenet of scientific management is cooperation and harmony between workers and managers.
Reason (R): Taylor believed in participative management.

Ans.25. (c)
A is true but R is false.

Question.26.
Assertion (A): Standardisation means setting standards for one type of activity
Reason (R): To ensure quality standards.

Ans.26. (d)
A is false but R is true.

Question.27.
Assertion (A): the movie camera is used to conduct the motion study.
Reason (R): Motion study is to study the movements those are necessary for doing a well-defined job/work.

Ans.27. (b)
Both A and R are true but R is not the correct explanation of the assertion.

Question.28.
Assertion (A): Differential piece wage system is a technique which does not differentiate between efficient and less efficient workers.
Reason (R): Differential piece wage system acts as an incentive for less efficient workers to be motivated to perform better.

Ans.28. (d)
A is false but R is true.

Question.29.
Assertion (A): The principle of Science, Not rule of thumb says that we should not get stuck in a set routine.
Reason (R): The principle of science, not rule of thumb, makes the work much simpler, easier and quicker.

Ans.29. (a)
Both A and R are true and R is correct explanation of the assertion.

Read instructions carefully before answering the questions.

For question given below, two statements are given- one labelled Assertion (A) and the other labelled Reason (R). Select the correct answer to these questions from the codes (a), (b), (c), (d) and (e) as given below:

(a) Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A.
(b) Both A and R are true but R is not the correct explanation of A.
(c) A is true but R is false.
(d) A is false but R is true.
(e) Both A and R are false.

Question.1.
Assertion (A): If the principle of unity of command is not followed, employees may
get confused.
Reason (R): Unity of command refers to multiple commands received by a subordinate at a time.

Ans.1. (c)
A is true but R is false.

Question.2.
Assertion (A): Principles of management can be modified as per the situation.
Reason (R): Principles of management are universally applicable.

Ans.2. (b)
Both A and R are true but R is not the correct explanation of A.

Question.3.
Assertion (A): Division of work leads to specialisation.
Reason (R): In the principle of division of work, Henri Fayol has suggested division
of work in a random way.

Ans.3. (c)
A is true but R is false.

Question.4.
Assertion (A): In principle of centralisation and decentralisation, Henri Fayol has suggested complete centralisation in all types of organisations.
Reason (R): Centralisation means dispersal of decision making authority.

Ans.4. (e)
Both A and R are false.

Question.5.
Assertion (A): Employees should be frequently transferred from one place to another so that they can gain more exposure.
Reason (R): Henri Fayol has given the principle of instability of personnel.

Ans.5. (e)
Both A and R are false.

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