Assertion Reason Business Studies I Chapter 5 Organising

Assertion Reason Business Studies I Chapter 5 Organising

Questions of Assertion Reason Business Studies I Chapter 5 Organising CBSE Class 12 are given here. To solve assertion reason type questions of Business Studies I, deeper understanding of concept about Organising is required. In order to help the student in solving Assertion Reason type of questions, detailed process is explained.

How to solve Assertion Reason Type Questions?
In Assertion-Reason type of question, two statements are given, first is Assertion and second is called Reason. Student must have to think critically about both the statements in Assertion Reason Questions, since it combines multiple choice questions and true/false type of questions which requires a higher level of understanding.

How many types are there of Assertion Reason Type Questions?
Assertion-Reason type of questions can be asked either with four MCQ options or with five MCQ options. First four options are same in both the cases only one more options is being provided i.e. last one. One extra option increases the difficulty level of the questions.

In assertion reason type of questions, all 4 or 5 options are same for each question, which are as:

(a) Both assertion (A) and reason (R) are true and reason (R) is the correct explanation of assertion (A).
(b) Both assertion (A) and reason (R) are true but reason (R) is not the correct explanation of assertion (A).
(c) Assertion (A) is true but reason (R) is false.
(d) Assertion (A) is false but reason (R) is true.
(e) Both Assertion and Reason are false.

Then a question haunts in every student’s mind, which option is correct and when?
This can be understood clearly with the following table:

Assertion (A)Reason (R)MCQ Options (Fixed for all questions)
If TrueTrue(a) Both assertion (A) and reason (R) are true and reason (R) is the correct explanation of assertion (A).
If TrueTrue(b) Both assertion (A) and reason (R) are true but reason (R) is not the correct explanation of assertion (A).
If TrueFalse(c) Assertion (A) is true but reason (R) is false.
If FalseTrue(d) Assertion (A) is false but reason (R) is true.
If FalseFalse(e) Both Assertion and Reason are false.

Now, lets practice some Assertion Reason Questions of Business Studies I  Chapter 5 Organising

Read instructions carefully before answering the questions.

For question given below, two statements are given- one labelled Assertion (A) and the other labelled Reason (R). Select the correct answer to these questions from the codes (a), (b), (c) and (d) as given below:

(a) Both A and R are true and R is correct explanation of the assertion.
(b) Both A and R are true but R is not the correct explanation of the assertion.
(c) A is true but R is false.
(d) A is false but R is true.

Question.1.
Assertion(A): Authority determines the superior subordinate relationship wherein the superior communicates his decision to the subordinate, expecting compliance from him and the subordinate executes the decision as per the guidelines of the superior.
Reason (R): Accountability is the obligation of a subordinate to properly perform the assigned duty.

Ans.1. (c)
A is true but R is false.

Question.2.
Assertion (A): Delegation helps a manager to extend his area of operations as without it, his activities would be restricted to only what he himself can do.
Reason (R): A manager, no matter how capable he is, cannot manage to do every task on his own. The volume of work makes it impractical for him to handle it all by
himself.

Ans.2. (a)
Both A and R are true and R is correct explanation of the assertion.

Question.3.
Assertion (A): Delegation does not mean abdication.
Reason (R): A manager is under obligation to perform the delegated task.

Ans.3. (c)
A is true but R is false.

Question.4.
Assertion (A): Decentralization must always be balanced with centralisation in areas of major policy decisions.
Reason (R): Decentralization recognises the decision maker’s need for autonomy. The management, however, needs to carefully select those decisions which will be pushed down to lower levels and those that will be retained for higher levels.

Ans.4. (a)
Both A and R are true and R is correct explanation of the assertion.

Question.5.
Assertion (A): Decentralization should be applied with caution by the top management.
Reason (R): It can lead to organizational disintegration if the departments start to operate on their own guidelines which may be contrary to the interest of the organization.

Ans.5. (a)
Both A and R are true and R is correct explanation of the assertion.

Question.6.
Assertion (A): In an Organisation, sales and advertisement activities are grouped under marketing department.
Reason (R): This is because organizing calls for departmentalization as it facilitates specialization.

Ans.6. (a)
Both A and R are true and R is correct explanation of the assertion.

Question.7.
Assertion (A): In industries like Bata, Maruti Udyog etc. all related and similar functions are grouped in one department and under one executive.
Reason (R): These industries follow the divisional structure.

Ans.7. (c)
A is true but R is false.

Question.8.
Assertion (A): In organisation which follow policy of decentralization, management can concentrate on important policy decisions, like strategic planning, major policy formulation etc.
Reason (R): Decentralization reduces the need for direct supervision as subordinates are given freedom to act and decide within the limits.

Ans.8. (a)
Both A and R are true and R is correct explanation of the assertion.

Question.9.
Assertion (A): An organisation can never be completely centralized or decentralized.
Reason (R): Complete centralization would obviate the need for management hierachy and complete decentralization would obviate the need for higher managerial positions. Both scenarios are unrealistic.

Ans.9. (a)
Both A and R are true and R is correct explanation of the assertion.

Question.10.
Assertion (A): Delegation does not help in employees’ development.
Reason (R): Delegation does not provide much scope for development of those skills of employees which will help them to improve their career prospects.

Ans.10. (d)
A is false but R is true.

Question.11.
Assertion (A): Delegation means abdication.
Reason (R): Manager shall still be accountable for the performance of the assigned
tasks.

Ans.11. (b)
Both A and R are true but R is not the correct explanation of the assertion.

Question.12.
Assertion (A): A proper organization structure is essential
Reason (R): It Ensures a smooth flow of communication and better control over the
operations of business unit.

Ans.12. (a)
Both A and R are true and R is correct explanation of the assertion.

Question.13.
Assertion (A): Authority can not be delegated
Reason (R): It arises from formal position.

Ans.13. (d)
A is false but R is true.

Question.14.
Assertion (A): Decentralization is an optional policy decision
Reason (R): Decentralization is done at the discretion of lower level management.

Ans.14. (c)
A is true but R is false.

Question.15.
Assertion (A): Organising helps in maximum use of human resources in organisation.
Reason (R): Ability and command provided by top management is necessary for working.

Ans.15. (b)
Both A and R are true but R is not the correct explanation of the assertion.

Question.16.
Assertion (A): Organising promotes specialization.
Reason (R): Every organisation is built on the principle of division of labour and specialization.

Ans.16. (d)
A is false but R is true.

Question.17.
Assertion (A): A proper organisation structure is essential to ensure a smooth flow of communication and better control over the operations of a business enterprise.
Reason (R): An organisation structure provides the framework which enables the enterprise to function as an integrated unit by regulating and coordinating the responsibilities of individuals and departments.

Ans.17. (a)
Both A and R are true and R is correct explanation of the assertion.

Question.18.
Assertion (A): The span of management, to a large extent gives the shape to the organisational structure
Reason (R): Span of management refers to the number of subordinates that can be effectively managed by a superior

Ans.18. (b)
Both A and R are true but R is not the correct explanation of the assertion.

Question.19.
Assertion (A): Functional structure makes training of employees easier as the focus is only on a limited range of skills.
Reason (R): Divisional heads are accountable for profits.

Ans.19. (b)
Both A and R are true but R is not the correct explanation of the assertion.

Question.20.
Assertion (A): Departmentalisation facilitates specialisation.
Reason (R): Departments can be created using several criteria as a basis for division of work.

Ans.20. (a)
Both A and R are true and R is correct explanation of the assertion.

Question.21.
Assertion (A): Identification and division of work is the first step in the process of organising.
Reason (R): Organising involves identifying and dividing the work that has to be done in accordance with previously determined plans.

Ans.21. (a)
Both A and R are true and R is correct explanation of the assertion.

Question.22.
Assertion(A): Organising provides a clear description of jobs and related duties.
Reason (R): Organising stimulates creativity amongst the managers.

Ans.22. (b)
Both A and R are true but R is not the correct explanation of the assertion.

Question.23.
Assertion (A): Functional Organization helps in increasing managerial and operational efficiency and this results in increased profit.
Reason (R): Functional Organization promotes efficiency in utilisation of manpower as employees perform similar tasks within a department and are able to improve performance.

Ans.23. (a)
Both A and R are true and R is correct explanation of the assertion.

Question.24.
Assertion (A): Organising helps management in implementing the principle of initiative among employees.
Reason (R): Organising satisfies the subordinate’s need for recognition and provides them with opportunities to develop and exercise initiative.

Ans.24. (a)
Both A and R are true and R is correct explanation of the assertion.

Question.25.
Assertion (A): Authority determines the superior subordinate relationship wherein the superior communicates his decision to the subordinate, expecting compliance from him and the subordinate executes the decision as per the guidelines of the superior.
Reason (R): Accountability is the obligation of a subordinate to properly perform the assigned duty.

Ans.25. (c)
A is true but R is false.

Question.26.
Assertion (A): Delegation is a pre-requisite to the efficient functioning of an organization.
Reason (R): Delegation enables a manager to use his time on low priority activities.

Ans.26. (c)
A is true but R is false.

Question.27.
Assertion (A): Authority cannot be delegated.
Reason (R): It arises from the formal position.

Ans.27. (d)
A is false but R is true.

Question.28.
Assertion (A): In spite of its benefits decentralisation should be applied with caution.
Reason (R): Decentralisation can lead to its disintegration.

Ans.28. (a)
Both A and R are true and R is correct explanation of the assertion.

Question.29.
Assertion (A): In the case of decentralisation there are more chances of information getting distorted.
Reason (R): During decentralization information doesn’t have to go through long channels.

Ans.29. (d)
A is false but R is true.

Question.30.
Assertion (A): Decentralisation is an optional policy decision.
Reason (R): Decentralisation is done at the discretion of the lower level of management.

Ans.30. (c)
A is true but R is false.

Question.31.
Assertion (A): A Wider span of management results in flat structure of organisation.
Reason (R): As the span of management increases in an organisation, the number of levels of management in the organisation decreases.

Ans.31. (a)
Both A and R are true and R is correct explanation of the assertion.

Question.32.
Assertion (A): organising leads to optimum utilization of authority.
Reason (R): It ensures proper allocation of jobs and minimizing the wastage of Resources and efforts.

Ans.32. (a)
Both A and R are true and R is correct explanation of the assertion.

Question.33.
Assertion (A): Organising leads to specialisation.
Reason (R): Organising ensures systematic allocation of jobs amongst the workforce.

Ans.33. (a)
Both A and R are true and R is correct explanation of the assertion.

Question.34.
Assertion (A): The superior-subordinate relation is clearly defined in organising.
Reason (R): Each manager knows very clearly to whom he can give orders and from whom he has to receive orders.

Ans.34. (a)
Both A and R are true and R is correct explanation of the assertion.

Question.35.
Assertion (A): The first step in the process of organizing involves identifying dividing the work.
Reason (R): Once work has been divided in to small and manageable activities then those activities which are similar in nature are grouped together called departments.

Ans.35. (a)
Both A and R are true and R is correct explanation of the assertion.

Read instructions carefully before answering the questions.

For question given below, two statements are given- one labelled Assertion (A) and the other labelled Reason (R). Select the correct answer to these questions from the codes (a), (b), (c) and (d) as given below:

(a) Both Assertion and Reason are true and Reason is correct explanation of Assertion.
(b) Both Assertion and Reason are true but Reason is not correct explanation of Assertion.
(c) Assertion is true but Reason is False.
(d) Both assertion and Reason are false.

Question.1.
Assertion (A): Delegation considered essential for effective organisation.
Reason (R): manager cannot perform all the work.

Ans.1. (a)
Both Assertion and Reason are true and Reason is correct explanation of Assertion.

Question.2.
Assertion (A): Authority must be equal to responsibility.
Reason (R): Responsibility arrived from authority.

Ans.2. (b)
Both A and R are true but R is not the correct explanation of A.

Question.3.
Assertion (A): Responsibility flow upward.
Reason (R): Subordinate will always be responsible to his superior.

Ans.3. (a)
Both Assertion and Reason are true and Reason is correct explanation of Assertion.

Question.4.
Assertion (A): Delegation is sharing the authority and responsibility between superior and subordinates.
Reason (R): Manager pass routine work to the subordinates so they can focus on key area.

Ans.4. (a)
Both Assertion and Reason are true and Reason is correct explanation of Assertion.

Question.5.
Assertion (A): In decentralization there is more freedom of action.
Reason (R): It is narrow in scope.

Ans.5. (c)
Assertion is true but Reason is False.

Question.6.
Assertion (A): In organisations which follow policy of decentralization, management can concentrate on important policy decisions, like strategic planning, major policy formulation etc.
Reason (R): Decentralisation reduces the need for direct supervision as subordinates are given freedom to act and decide within limits.

Ans.6. (a)
Both Assertion and Reason are true and Reason is correct explanation of Assertion.

Question.7.
Assertion (A): In an organisation, sales and advertisement activities are grouped under marketing department .
Reason (R): This is because organising calls for departmentalisation as it facilitates specialization.

Ans.7. (a)
Both Assertion and Reason are true and Reason is correct explanation of Assertion.

Question.8.
Assertion (A): Centralisation and decentralisation is one of the Principles of the Management.
Reason (R): Centralisation means decision making authority with the top management.

Ans.8. (a)
Both Assertion and Reason are true and Reason is correct explanation of Assertion.

Question.9.
Assertion (A): Formal organisation provides stability to the organisation.
Reason (R): There are specific rules to guide the employees so, their behavior can easily be predicted.

Ans.9. (c)
Both Assertion and Reason are true and Reason is correct explanation of Assertion.

Question.10.
Assertion (A): An organisation can never be totally centralised or decentralized.
Reason (R): Complete centralization or decentralization is relevant for an organisation.

Ans.10. (c)
Assertion is correct but Reason is wrong.

Question.11.
Assertion (A): Delegation does not help in employee development.
Reason (R): Delegation does not provide much scope for development of those skills of employees which will help them to improve their career prospectus.

Ans.11. (d)
Both Assertion and Reason are wrong.

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