Geography : India Physical Environment
Extra Questions Geography Class 11 Chapter 1 India – Location
Multiple Choice Questions (MCQs)
Question.1. Which of the following hemispheres is India located in?
(a) Eastern hemisphere
(b) Northern hemisphere
(c) Eastern and Northern hemisphere
(d) Southern hemisphere
Question.10. Which of the following is the latest union territory of India?
(a) Jammu and Kashmir
(c) Dadra and Nagar Haveli and Daman and Diu
(d) All of the above
Fill in the blanks
Short Answer type Questions
Question.1. Confirm this statement that the Indian Ocean is actually the Indian Ocean.
- India is also known as Hind i.e. Hindustan. This is the only ocean named after a country called the Indian Ocean.
- On the coast of the Indian Ocean between West Asia and East Asia India’s position is very important.
- The coastline of India located at the northern end of this ocean Is also longer than the country’s coastline.
Question.2. Why is India’s central position at the top of the Indian Ocean important?
- The Indian peninsula is about 1600 km extended into the Indian Ocean.
- South-central Arabian Sea in the west and Bay of Bengal in the east. The central position of India at the top of the Indian Ocean in Asia helps establish relations with the developed nations of Europe in the west.
- Africa and West Asia, South East Asia, Japan, Business relations with countries like Australia, New zealand and America etc. are helpful in establishing.
Thus we can say that the Indian Ocean is actually a boon for the country.
Question.3. What are the benefits of India’s long coastline?
Ans.3. The long coastline of India has many benefits:
- Provides favorable conditions for the development of ports and helps in employment generation.
- Provide useful waterways for trade.
- The cross-ocean waterways connecting Africa, industrially developed Europe and prosperous West Asia to the south-east Asian countries, China, Japan with developed industries, Australia and the west coast of the United States pass through India.
Question.4. “The abundant sunshine and monsoonal rainfall from the tropical sun determines the destiny of millions of Indians” Analyse.
Ans.4. Temperature and rainfall are the two main elements of climate. These have a direct impact on the soil, fauna and human activities here. The fate of agriculture-based industries and the people associated with them is linked to these two climatic elements, so it is perfectly appropriate to say that abundant sunlight and monsoonal rain from the tropical sun sets the fate of millions of Indians.
Question.5. What is a subcontinent called? Write the names of the countries included in the Indian subcontinent.
Ans.5. A large part of a continent, which is geographically, culturally and economically different from other parts of the continent and has uniformity in its terrain, is called a subcontinent. The Indian subcontinent includes Pakistan in the northwest, Nepal, Bhutan in the north, Bangladesh in the east and India in the middle.
Question.6. Why is there a time variation of 2 hours between the easternmost and westernmost part of the country? Explain the statement.
Ans.6. Longitudinal extent of India has the difference of 30°. There is time variation of 2 hours between easternmost and the westernmost parts of our country. The sun rises two hours earlier in Arunachal Pradesh as compared to Gujarat. This is because the earth is tilted and also it rotates in east to west direction. So while rotation, the eastern parts of the world experiences the sun rays earlier as compared to the western parts of the world.
1 degree = 4 minutes
30 degree = 4 x 30 = 120 minutes
120 minutes = 2 hours
Question.7. Name the countries larger in area than India?