Assertion Reason Geography Chapter 6 Manufacturing Industries Contemporary India II
Questions of Assertion Reason of Geography Chapter 6 Manufacturing Industries Social Science CBSE Class 10 are very simple to understand as this chapter deals with Manufacturing Industries. To solve assertion reason type questions of Geography of Social science, deeper understanding of concept about Manufacturing Industries is required. In order to help the student in solving Assertion Reason type of questions, detailed process is explained.
How to solve Assertion Reason Type Questions?
In Assertion-Reason type of question, two statements are given, first is Assertion and second is called Reason. Student must have to think critically about both the statements in Assertion Reason Questions, since it combines multiple choice questions and true/false type of questions which requires a higher level of understanding.
How many types are there of Assertion Reason Type Questions?
Assertion-Reason type of questions can be asked either with four MCQ options or with five MCQ options. First four options are same in both the cases only one more options is being provided i.e. last one. One extra option increases the difficulty level of the questions.
In assertion reason type of questions, all 4 or 5 options are same for each question, which are as:
(a) Both assertion (A) and reason (R) are true and reason (R) is the correct explanation of assertion (A).
(b) Both assertion (A) and reason (R) are true but reason (R) is not the correct explanation of assertion (A).
(c) Assertion (A) is true but reason (R) is false.
(d) Assertion (A) is false but reason (R) is true.
(e) Both Assertion and Reason are false.
Then a question haunts in every student’s mind, which option is correct and when?
This can be understood clearly with the following table:
|Assertion (A)||Reason (R)||MCQ Options (Fixed for all questions)|
|If True||True||(a) Both assertion (A) and reason (R) are true and reason (R) is the correct explanation of assertion (A).|
|If True||True||(b) Both assertion (A) and reason (R) are true but reason (R) is not the correct explanation of assertion (A).|
|If True||False||(c) Assertion (A) is true but reason (R) is false.|
|If False||True||(d) Assertion (A) is false but reason (R) is true.|
|If False||False||(e) Both Assertion and Reason are false.|
Now, lets practice some Assertion Reason Questions of Contemporary India II : Geography – Chapter 6: Manufacturing Industries.
Read instructions carefully before answering the questions.
For question given below, two statements are given- one labelled Assertion (A) and the other labelled Reason (R). Select the correct answer to these questions from the codes (a), (b), (c) and (d) as given below:
(a) Both A and R are true and R is correct explanation of the assertion.
(b) Both A and R are true but R is not the correct explanation of the assertion.
(c) A is true but R is false.
(d) A is false but R is true.
Assertion (A) : Consumer industries produces goods for direct use by consumers.
Reason (R) : Consumer industries are Agro based.
Assertion (A) : Industrial development cannot minimize environmental degradation.
Reason (R) : Environmental degradation depends on the raw material used.
Proper fuel selection and utilization, smoke can be prevented by the use of oil instead of coal in industries and equipment’s to control emissions can minimize environmental degradation.
Assertion (A) : Industries gives boost to the agricultural sector.
Reason (R) : Competetiveness of manufacturing industry has helped in increasing their production and also made production process efficient.
Assertion (A) : Textile industry occupies a unique position in Indian economy.
Reason (R) : It contributes significantly to industrial production employment generation directly.
It is the only industry in the country, which is self reliant and complete in the value Chain, from raw material to the highest value added products. The reason justifies the assertion.
Assertion (A) : Aluminum is a universally accepted metal for a large number of industries
Reason (R) : Aluminum is flexible and a good conductor of heat and electricity.
In India, Aluminum smelting is the second largest industry. It is flexible, good conductor of heat and electricity and hence is a universally accepted metal for a large number of industries. It is widely used as a substitute of copper, zinc, lead and steel.
Assertion (A) : Air pollution is caused by the presence of high proportion of undesirable gases.
Reason (R) : Air pollution does not affect human health, animals, plants, buildings and the atmosphere as a whole.
Air pollution is caused by the presence of high proportion of undesirable gases, such as sulphur dioxide and carbon monoxide. Airborne particulate materials contain both solid and liquid particles like dust, sprays mist and smoke and adversely affect human health, plants & animals.
Assertion (A) : Chemical industries are lagging behind in India.
Reason (R) : Only small scale industries are present and growth of this industry is very less comparatively.
Assertion (A) : Most of the Jute mills of India located in West Bengal.
Reason (R) : Bus facility is available to export the manufactured goods.
Most of the Jute mills are located in West Bengal due to:
a. Jute producing area is close to the jute mill.
b. Water is available in plenty.
c. Labour is cheap.
d. Water transport is cheap.
The reason is right but does not explain the assertion.
Assertion (A) : Harvesting of rainwater reduces Industrial pollution of fresh water.
Reason (R) : Rainwater helps industry to meet water requirements.
Every litre of waste water discharged by our industry pollutes eight times the quantity of Freshwater, harvesting of rainwater replenishes the water table and thus helps industry to meet its water requirements.
Assertion (A) : The economic strength of the country is measured by the development of manufacturing industries.
Reason (R) : India’s prosperity lies in diversifying its manufacturing industries.