Questions of Assertion Reason of History Chapter 3 The Making of a Global World Social Science CBSE Class 10 are very simple to understand as this chapter deals with The Making of a Global World. To solve assertion reason type questions of History of Social science, deeper understanding of concept about The Making of a Global World is required. In order to help the student in solving Assertion Reason type of questions, detailed process is explained.
How to solve Assertion Reason Type Questions?
In Assertion-Reason type of question, two statements are given, first is Assertion and second is called Reason. Student must have to think critically about both the statements in Assertion Reason Questions, since it combines multiple choice questions and true/false type of questions which requires a higher level of understanding.
How many types are there of Assertion Reason Type Questions?
Assertion-Reason type of questions can be asked either with four MCQ options or with five MCQ options. First four options are same in both the cases only one more options is being provided i.e. last one. One extra option increases the difficulty level of the questions.
In assertion reason type of questions, all 4 or 5 options are same for each question, which are as:
(a) Both assertion (A) and reason (R) are true and reason (R) is the correct explanation of assertion (A).
(b) Both assertion (A) and reason (R) are true but reason (R) is not the correct explanation of assertion (A).
(c) Assertion (A) is true but reason (R) is false.
(d) Assertion (A) is false but reason (R) is true.
(e) Both Assertion and Reason are false.
Then a question haunts in every student’s mind, which option is correct and when?
This can be understood clearly with the following table:
|Assertion (A)||Reason (R)||MCQ Options (Fixed for all questions)|
|If True||True||(a) Both assertion (A) and reason (R) are true and reason (R) is the correct explanation of assertion (A).|
|If True||True||(b) Both assertion (A) and reason (R) are true but reason (R) is not the correct explanation of assertion (A).|
|If True||False||(c) Assertion (A) is true but reason (R) is false.|
|If False||True||(d) Assertion (A) is false but reason (R) is true.|
|If False||False||(e) Both Assertion and Reason are false.|
Now, lets practice some Assertion Reason Questions of Social Science : History – Chapter 3: The Making of a Global World.
Read instructions carefully before answering the questions.
For question given below, two statements are given- one labelled Assertion (A) and the other labelled Reason (R). Select the correct answer to these questions from the codes (a), (b), (c) and (d) as given below:
(a) Both A and R are true and R is correct explanation of the assertion.
(b) Both A and R are true but R is not the correct explanation of the assertion.
(c) A is true but R is false.
(d) A is false but R is true.
Assertion (A) : There was a collapse of the system of fixed exchange rates and the introduction of a system of floating exchange rates.
Reason (R) : From the 1960s, the rising costs of its overseas involvements weakened the US’s finances and competitive strength. It could not command confidence as the world’s principal currency.
Assertion (A) : The Portuguese and Spanish conquest and colonisation of Antarctica was decisively under way by the mid-sixteenth century.
Reason (R) : The most powerful weapon of the Spanish conquerors was the germs such as those of Swine flu that they carried on their person.
The Portuguese and Spanish conquest and colonisation of America was decisively under way by the mid-sixteenth century. The most powerful weapon of the Spanish conquerors was not a conventional military weapon but they carried germs of small pox on themselves. Thus, both the assertion and reason are false.
Assertion (A) : The railways, steamships, the telegraph were important inventions which transformed the nineteenth-century world.
Reason (R) : Colonisation stimulated new investments and improvements in transport.
Assertion (A) : ‘Chutney music’, popular in Trinidad and Guyana, is another creative contemporary expression of the post-indenture experience.
Reason (R) : Some of the Naipaul’s early novels capture their sense of loss and alienation.
Assertion (A) : Over the nineteenth century, British manufacturers flooded the Indian market.
Reason (R) : The value of Indian exports to Britain was much higher than the value of British imports to India.
Assertion (A) : The First World War involved the world’s leading industrial nations which harnessed the vast powers of modem industry to inflict the greatest possible destruction of enemies.
Reason (R) : It was the first modern industrial war, which saw the use of robots and satellites on a massive scale.
It was the first modem industrial war, which saw the use of machine guns, tanks, aircraft, chemical weapons, etc, on a massive scale. Therefore, the assertion is true but reason is false.
Assertion (A) : When the supply of wheat was disrupted during the First World War, wheat production in Canada, America and Australia expanded dramatically.
Reason (R) : Before the First World War, Asia was a major supplier of wheat in the world market.
Assertion (A) : During the Great Depression, agricultural regions and communities were worst affected.
Reason (R) : The fall in agricultural prices was greater and more prolonged than that in the prices of industrial goods.