Questions of Assertion Reason of History Chapter 4 The Age of Industrialisation Social Science CBSE Class 10 are very simple to understand as this chapter deals with The Age of Industrialisation. To solve assertion reason type questions of History of Social science, deeper understanding of concept about The Age of Industrialisation is required. In order to help the student in solving Assertion Reason type of questions, detailed process is explained.

How to solve Assertion Reason Type Questions?
In Assertion-Reason type of question, two statements are given, first is Assertion and second is called Reason. Student must have to think critically about both the statements in Assertion Reason Questions, since it combines multiple choice questions and true/false type of questions which requires a higher level of understanding.

How many types are there of Assertion Reason Type Questions?
Assertion-Reason type of questions can be asked either with four MCQ options or with five MCQ options. First four options are same in both the cases only one more options is being provided i.e. last one. One extra option increases the difficulty level of the questions.

In assertion reason type of questions, all 4 or 5 options are same for each question, which are as:

(a) Both assertion (A) and reason (R) are true and reason (R) is the correct explanation of assertion (A).
(b) Both assertion (A) and reason (R) are true but reason (R) is not the correct explanation of assertion (A).
(c) Assertion (A) is true but reason (R) is false.
(d) Assertion (A) is false but reason (R) is true.
(e) Both Assertion and Reason are false.

Then a question haunts in every student’s mind, which option is correct and when?
This can be understood clearly with the following table:

Assertion (A)Reason (R)MCQ Options (Fixed for all questions)
If TrueTrue(a) Both assertion (A) and reason (R) are true and reason (R) is the correct explanation of assertion (A).
If TrueTrue(b) Both assertion (A) and reason (R) are true but reason (R) is not the correct explanation of assertion (A).
If TrueFalse(c) Assertion (A) is true but reason (R) is false.
If FalseTrue(d) Assertion (A) is false but reason (R) is true.
If FalseFalse(e) Both Assertion and Reason are false.

Now, lets practice some Assertion Reason Questions of Social Science : History – Chapter 4: The Age of Industrialisation.

Read instructions carefully before answering the questions.

For question given below, two statements are given- one labelled Assertion (A) and the other labelled Reason (R). Select the correct answer to these questions from the codes (a), (b), (c) and (d) as given below:

(a) Both A and R are true and R is correct explanation of the assertion.
(b) Both A and R are true but R is not the correct explanation of the assertion.
(c) A is true but R is false.
(d) A is false but R is true.

Question.1.
Assertion (A) : When Manchester industrialists began selling cloth in India, they put labels on the cloth bundles.
Reason (R) : The label was a mark of Quality. When buyers saw ‘MADE IN MANCHESTER’ written in bold on the label, they were expected to feel confident about buying the cloth.

Ans.1. (a)
The Assertion has been justly explained by the reason.

Question.2.
Assertion (A) : The first symbol of the new era was cotton.
Reason (R) : In Victorian Britain, the industrialists did not want to introduce machines that got rid of human labour and required large capital investment.

Ans.2. (b)
The upper classes preferred hand produced goods in Victorian Britain, however this does not explain the assertion.

Question.3.
Assertion (A) : The consolidation of East India Company power after the 1760s did not initially lead to a decline in textile exports from India.
Reason (R) : British cotton industries had not yet expanded and Indian fine textiles were in great demand in Europe.

Ans.3. (a)
The reason justifies the assertion.

Question.4.
Assertion (A) : The cotton weavers of India flourished with the Manchester imports.
Reason (R) : With the American Civil War, the cotton supplies from US to Britain increased.

Ans.4. (d)
Cotton weavers in India faced two problems with Manchester goods coming to India: their export market collapsed, and the local market shrank, being glutted with Manchester imports. With the American Civil War, the cotton supply to Britain from US were cut off. Britain turned to India. Thus, both assertion and reason are false.

Question.5.
Assertion (A) : In most industrial regions, workers came from the districts around.
Reason (R) : Peasants and Artisans who found no work in the village went to the industrial centres in search of work.

Ans.5. (a)
The reason justifies the assertion.

Question.6.
Assertion (A) : From 1906, the export of Indian yarn to China declined.
Reason (R) : After the First World War, Manchester could never recapture its old position in the Indian market.

Ans.6. (b)
The reason does not justify the assertion. From 1906, export of Indian yam to China declined as produce from China and Japan flooded the Chinese market.

Question.7.
Assertion (A) : In the twentieth century, handloom cloth production expanded steadily.
Reason (R) : This was partly because of technological changes.

Ans.7. (a)
The reason clearly justifies the assertion.

Question.8.
Assertion (A) : Like the images of gods and goddesses, figures of important personages like emperors and nawabs adorned advertisements and calendars.
Reason (R) : This was done to show the pomp and glory of the nation.

Ans.8. (c)
This was done to win the confidence of the buyers to buy the products. Hence the reason is false.

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