Multiple Choice Questions (MCQs) History Class 10 Chapter 1 The Rise of Nationalism in Europe
Multiple Choice Questions (MCQs)
Choose and write the correct option in the following questions.
Question.1. What major issue was criticised against by the liberal nationalists?
(a) Censorship laws to control the press
(b) Preservation of the Church
(c) A modern army
(d) Efficient bureaucracy
Question.2. What type of conservative regimes set up in 1815 in Europe?
Question.3. Which of the following revolutions is called as the first expression of ‘Nationalism’?
(a) French Revolution
(b) Russian Revolution
(c) Glorious Revolution
(d) The Revolution of the liberals
Question.4. Who was proclaimed the King of United Italy, in 1861?
(a) Giuseppe Garibaldi
(b) Victor Emmanuel II
(c) Giuseppe Mazzini
Question.5. A large part of Balkan region was under the control of:
(a) Russian empire
(b) Ottoman empire
(c) German empire
(d) Habsburg empire
Question.6. Which of the following did the European conservatives not believe in?
(a) Traditional institution of state policy
(b) Strengthened monarchy
(c) A return to a society of pre-revolutionary days
(d) None of the above
Question.7. Which of the following was not a part of Napoleon’s defeat?
Question.8. Treaty of Constantinople recognised _____________ as an independent nation.
Question.9. Who hosted the ‘Treaty of Vienna’?
(a) Frédéric Sorrieu
(b) Victor Emmanuel
(c) Duke Metternich
(d) Giuseppe Garibaldi
Question.10. Which one of the following was NOT the result of the Treaty of Vienna 1815 ?
(a) The Kingdom of the Netherlands was set up in the North.
(b) Austria was given control of Northern Italy.
(c) Prussia was given important new territories on its western frontiers.
(d) Russia was given German Confederation of 39 states.
Ans.6. (c) A return to a society of pre-revolutionary days
Ans.7. (c) Italy
Ans.8. (a) Greece
Ans.9. (c) Duke Metternich
Ans.10. (c) Prussia was given important new territories on its western frontiers.
Question.11. The meaning of ‘Volksgeist:
(a) Common people
(b) Spirit of the nation
(d) None of the above
Question.12. Name the customs union formed by Prussia to abolish tariff barriers.
(d) La Patrie
Question.13. Identify the French artist who prepared a series of four prints visualising his dreams of a world from the following:
(a) Kitagewa Utamaro
(b) Richard M Hoe
(d) Frederic Sorrieu
Question.14. Which of the following artist painted the image of Germania?
(a) Philip Veit
(b) Frederic Sorrieu
(c) Ernst Renan
(d) Richard M Hoe
Question.15. What happened to Poland at the end of the 18th century? Which of the following answers is correct?
(a) Poland achieved independence at the end of the 18th century.
(b) Poland came totally under the control of Russia and became part of Russia.
(c) Poland became the part of East Germany
(d) Poland was partitioned at the end of the 18th century by three Great Powers: Russia, Prussia and Austria.
Ans.11. (b) Spirit of the nation
Ans.12. (b) Zollverein
Ans.13. (d) Frederic Sorrieu
Ans.14. (a) Philip Veit
Ans.15. (d) Poland was partitioned at the end of the 18th century by three Great Powers: Russia, Prussia and Austria.
Question.16. Who played the leading role in the unification of Germany?
(a) German Emperor (formerly King of Prussia) – Kaiser William I
(b) Otto Von Bismarck (Prussian Chief Minister)
(c) Johann Gottfried Herder – German philosopher
(d) Austrian Chancellor – Duke Metternich
Question.17. Three wars over seven years with Austria, Denmark , Germany and France ended in –
(a) Danish victory
(b) Prussian victory
(c) French victory
(d) German victory
Question.18. The political and constitutional changes brought about by the French Revolution were
(a) it ended the absolute monarchy
(b) it transferred power to a body of the French citizens
(c) it proclaimed that henceforth people would constitute the nation and shape its destiny
(d) all the above
Question.19. What does blindfolded woman carrying a pair of weighing scales symbolise?
Question.20. What was the main intention behind ‘Treaty of Vienna of 1815’?
(a) Restore republics
(b) Restore democracies
(c) Restore monarchies
(d) None of these
Question.21. What did ‘Das Volk’ stand for?
(b) Factory workers
(c) Slum dwellers
(d) common people
Question.22. Which of the following is true with reference to Romanticism?
(a) concept of government by consent
(b) freedom of markets
(c) cultural movements
(d) freedom of an individual
Question.23. ‘Nationalism’, which emerged as a force in the late 19th century, means
(a) strong devotion for one’s own country and its history and culture.
(b) strong devotion for one’s own country without appreciation for other nations.
(c) strong love for one’s own country and hatred for others.
(d) equally strong devotion for all the countries of the world.
Question.24. Ernst Renan believed that the existence of nations is a necessity because
(a) it ensures protection to all inhabitants.
(b) it ensures liberty to all inhabitant citizens.
(c) it ensures Parliamentary form of government to its inhabitants.
(d) it ensures jobs and good health to all its inhabitants.
Question.25. Which of the following countries did not attend the Congress of Vienna?
Ans.21. (d) common people
Ans.22. (d) freedom of an individual
Ans.23. (a) strong devotion for one’s own country and its history and culture.
Ans.24. (b) it ensures liberty to all inhabitant citizens.
Ans.25. (d) Switzerland
Question.26. The French revolutionaries declared that the mission and destiny of the French nation was
(a) to conquer the people of Europe.
(b) to liberate the people of Europe from despotism.
(c) to strengthen absolute monarchies in all the countries of Europe.
(d) to propagate the ideals of liberty, equality, and fraternity in every part of the world.
Question.27. The Napoleonic Code was exported to which of the following regions?
(c) Regions under French control
Question.28. The term ‘Universal Suffrage’ means:
(a) the right to vote and get elected, granted only to men.
(b) the right to vote for all adults.
(c) the right to vote and get elected, granted exclusively to property owning men.
(d) the right to vote and get elected, granted only to educated men and women.
Question.29. Which of the following is not a feature or belief of ‘Conservatism’?
(a) Conservatives believe in established, traditional institutions of state and policy.
(b) Conservatives stressed the importance of tradition and preferred gradual development to quick change.
(c) Conservatives proposed to return to the society of pre-revolutionary days and were against the ideas of modernisation to strengthen monarchy.
(d) Conservatives believed in the monarchy, church, and other social hierarchies.
Question.30. What helped in the formation of a nation-state in Britain?
(a) The formation of a nation-state in Britain was the result of a sudden upheaval.
(b) In 1688, the monarchy in Britain had seized the power from English Parliament.
(c) The parliament through a bloodless revolution seized power from the monarchy which gradually led to the emergence of a nation-state.
(d) The British nation was formed as a result of a war with Scotland and Wales.
Ans.26. (b) to liberate the people of Europe from despotism.
Ans.27. (c) Regions under French control
Ans.28. (b) the right to vote for all adults.
Ans.29. (c) Conservatives proposed to return to the society of pre-revolutionary days and were against the ideas of modernisation to strengthen monarchy.
Ans.30. (c) The parliament through a bloodless revolution seized power from the monarchy which gradually led to the emergence of a nation-state.
Question.31. Elle, the measuring unit in Germany was used to measure:
Question.32. Zollevrein started in 1834 in Prussia refers to a:
(a) Trade Union
(b) Customs Union
(c) Labour Union
(d) Farmer’s Union
Question.33. Romanticism refers to a:
(a) cultural movement
(b) religious movement
(c) political movement
(d) literary movement
Question.34. Which one of the following types of government was functioning in France before the revolution of 1789?
(c) Body of French Citizen
Question.35. Which of the following countries is considered as the ‘cradle of European civilization’?
Question.36. The first great revolution which gave the clear idea of nationalism with its core words: ‘Liberty, Equality and Fraternity’ was:
(a) The Russian Revolution
(b) The French Revolution
(c) The American Revolution
(d) India’s First War of Independence
Question.37. ‘Crown of oak leaves’ symbolises?
(b) Being freed
(c) willingness to make peace
(d) Beginning of a new era
Question.38. What did the ‘German Sword’ stand for?
(b) Readiness to fight
(c) Beginning of a new era
(d) Symbol of German empire-strength
Question.39. Which one of the following types of government was functioning before the revolution of 1789?
(d) Council of French citizen
Question.40. Which one of the following was not a part of the concept of nation-state?
(a) Clearly defined boundary
(b) National identity based on culture and history
(d) Freedom from monarchy
Question.41. What is an “allegory’?
(a) Idealistic state
(b) Abstract idea
(c) Art form
Question.42. What were the contributions of the Grimm Brothers in nation-building?
(a) Fairy tales
(b) Folk dances
Question.43. Women were admitted in the Frankfurt parliament convened in the Church of St Paul, but only as:
Question.44. What did weavers in Silesia, in 1845, revolt against?
(a) Bad quality raw material
(b) Insufficient supply of raw material
(c) Contractors who didn’t pay them enough
(d) None of these
Question.45. What was the result of Polish being used as the medium of instruction for preaching in all Church gatherings, in late eighteenth century?
(a) Priests and bishops were jailed
(b) Followers were tortured
(c) Preachers were forced to preach in Russian
(d) Followers were sent to Siberia
Question.46. How did Karol Kurpinski celebrate the national struggle?
Question.47. Why was the kingdom of Netherlands, which included Belgium, set up in the North?
(a) To control censorship laws
(b) To curb government activities
(c) To prevent French expansion
(d) Both (a) and (b)
Question.48. What led to the abolishing of the tariff barriers in the German-speaking regions of Europe and the reduction of currencies?
(a) Formation of the Customs Union
(b) Formation of traditional institutions
(c) Abolition of feudalism
(d) State power
Question.49. What was viewed as obstacle to economic change and growth by new commercial classes?
(a) Absence of railways
(b) Limited suffrage
(c) Customs duties
(d) Reduced status of women
Question.50. A merchant traveling from Hamburg to Nuremberg, in the first half of the nineteenth century, had to pass through how many customs barriers to sell his goods?
Question.51. In revolutionary France, who were granted exclusive rights to vote?
(a) All women
(b) Property-owning men
(c) Property-owning women
(d) All men
Question.52. Nationalism brought about in Europe the emergence of:
(a) The Nation State
(b) The modern state
(c) Multinational Dynastic state
(d) Alliances formed among many European states.
Question.53. The term Plebiscite means:
(a) Adult Franchise
(b) A direct vote by which all the people of a region are asked to accept or reject a proposal
(c) When the rich and the aristocrats select their leaders
(d) A vote by the people to elect their leader.
Question.54. The ideas of a United community enjoying equal rights under a constitution were expressed by the French as:
(a) La Patrie
(b) Le Citoyen
(c) Both (a) and (b)
(d) None of the above
Question.55. Liberalism meant to the new middle classes
(a) political freedom
(b) Freedom of the individual and equality of all before law
(c) End of aristocracy
(d) New political rights
Ans.51. (b) Property-owning men
Ans.52. (a) The Nation State
Ans.53. (b) A direct vote by which all the people of a region are asked to accept or reject a proposal
Ans.54. (c) Both (a) and (b)
Ans.55. (b) Freedom of the individual and equality of all before law
Question.56. Which new spirit guided European nations after Napolean’s defeat?
Question.57. When did the French Revolution start?
Question.58. What emphasised the notion of a united community enjoying equal rights under a constitution?
(a) la patrie (the fatherland) and le citoyen (the citizen)
(b) French people in common
(c) French Flag
(d) idea of one nation state
Question.59. Regional dialects were discouraged and _________, became the common language of the nation.
(b) Polish language
Question.60. What mission did the revolutionaries declare as the destiny to the French people?
(a) to liberate the peoples of Europe from despotism – to help other peoples of Europe to become nations.
(b) to make a one nation state
(c) to become a democracy
(d) to become sovereign
Question.61. What happened when the news of the events in France reached the different cities of Europe?
(a) There was tumult
(b) The people did not know how to react
(c) Students and other members of educated middle classes began setting up Jacobin clubs
(d) There was confusion and dissatisfaction in the air
Question.62. What idea did the French armies carry abroad through the revolutionary wars?
(c) War Strategies
(d) Violence and bloodshed
Question.63. What did Napoleon do in the territory that was under his control?
(a) set about introducing many reforms
(b) set about war strategies
(c) worked for peace
(d) worked towards democratic ideas
Question.64. Napoleon had, no doubt, destroyed ___________ in France.
(c) Federal rule
Question.65. What did Napoleon do to make the system efficient and rational in France?
(a) in the administrative field he had incorporated revolutionary principles
(b) brought about different reforms
(c) worked on military
(d) worked on the financial conditions
Ans.61. (b) The people did not know how to react
Ans.62. (a) Despotism
Ans.63. (b) set about war strategies
Ans.64. (a) Monarchy
Ans.65. (a) in the administrative field he had incorporated revolutionary principles
Question.66. What did the Civil Code of 1804 bring about?
(a) Right by birth to all facilities of state
(b) did away with all privileges based on birth, established equality before the law and secured the right to property.
(c) no right to property
(d) No right to equality
Question.67. What did Napoleon do in the rural areas of these regions?
(a) simplified administrative divisions, abolished the feudal system and freed peasants from serfdom and manorial due
(b) made administration strict
(c) encouraged the feudal system
(d) put taxes on the peasants
Question.68. What changes did Napoleon bring about in the towns?
(a) guild restrictions were removed. Transport and communication systems were improved. Peasants, artisans, workers and new businessmen enjoyed a new-found freedom.
(b) Transport and communication systems were improved.
(c) Peasants, artisans, workers and new businessmen had to pay tax
(d) guild restrictions remained as they were
Question.69. In mid-eighteenth-century Europe what was the status of Germany, Italy and Switzerland?
(a) they were divided into kingdoms, duchies and cantons whose rulers had their autonomous territories
(b) they were sovereign states
(c) they were democracies
(d) they were republics
Question.70. When did Industrialisation take place in France and parts of the German states?
(a) 18th century
(b) later 18th century
(c) nineteenth century
(d) mid 18th century
Ans.66. (b) did away with all privileges based on birth, established equality before the law and secured the right to property.
Ans.67. (a) simplified administrative divisions, abolished the feudal system and freed peasants from serfdom and manorial due
Ans.68. (a) guild restrictions were removed. Transport and communication systems were improved. Peasants, artisans, workers and new businessmen enjoyed a new-found freedom.
Ans.69. (a) they were divided into kingdoms, duchies and cantons whose rulers had their autonomous territories
Ans.70. (c) nineteenth century
Question.71. What is Liberalism?
(a) ‘liberalism’ derives from the Latin root liber, meaning free-freedom for the individual and equality of all before the law.
(b) end of autocracy
(c) equal rules for all
(d) liberty to the upper classes
Question.72. What is Suffrage?
(a) Right to property
(b) Right to Justice
(c) Right to vote
(d) Right to complain
Question.73. In revolutionary France, the right to vote and to get elected was granted exclusively to ______.
(a) property-owning men
(c) Men and women
(d) upper class
Question.74. What did the customs union or zollverein do?
(a) abolished tax
(b) abolished tariff barriers and reduced the number of currencies from over thirty to two
(c) abolished tariff charges and reduced the currencies to 5
(d) only abolished tariff barriers
Question.75. What was conservatism?
(a) strict rules on the society
(b) social norms became conservative
(c) monarchy, the Church, social hierarchies, property and the family – should be preserved
(d) different norms for different classes
Ans.71. (a) ‘liberalism’ derives from the Latin root liber, meaning free-freedom for the individual and equality of all before the law.
Ans.72. (c) Right to vote
Ans.73. (a) property-owning men
Ans.74. (b) abolished tariff barriers and reduced the number of currencies from over thirty to two
Ans.75. (c) monarchy, the Church, social hierarchies, property and the family – should be preserved
Question.76. When did the Treaty of Vienna take place and who were the participants?
(a) 1816, Britain, Russia, Prussia
(b) 1815, Britain, Russia, Prussia, Austria
(c) 1820, Britain and Russia
(d) 1817, Russia, Prussia, Austria
Question.77. In which year did Louis Philippe flee and the National Assembly was proclaimed a Republic?
Question.78. Which area was the most serious source of nationalist tension in Europe after 1871?
(a) Southern Europe
(b) mid Europe
(c) Balkan States
(d) Eastern States
Question.79. What do the saints, angels and Christ symbolise in the utopian vision?
(a) Equality among people
(b) Fraternity among nations
(c) Freedom of nations
(d) Resentment against nations
Question.80. What territories did the Habsburg Empire rule over?
(d) Both (a) and (c)
Question.81. Why was the Treaty of Vienna drawn up in 1815?
(a) To abolish tariff barriers
(b) To restore the monarchies
(c) To divide the German Confederation of 39 states
(d) None of these
Question.82. Name the Italian revolutionary from Genoa.
(b) Johann Gottfried
(c) Giuseppe Mazzini
(d) None of these
Question.83. When did Napoleon invade Italy?
Question.84. What was ‘Young Italy’?
(a) Vision of Italy
(b) Secret society
(c) National anthem of Italy
(d) None of these
Question.85. Which of the following did not play a role to develop nationalist sentiments?
Question.86. German philosopher, Johann Gottfried claimed that true German culture was to be discovered among the:
(a) Common people
(c) Middle class elite
Question.87. The place where the priests and bishops were punished.
Question.88. Name the act which resulted in the formation of the ‘United Kingdom of Great Britain’.
(a) The Act of Union 1707
(b) Tax Reform Act, 1784
(c) Commutation Act 1784
(d) None of the above
Question.89. Who followed the policy of Golden Mean?
(c) Louis Philippe
(d) Duke of Orleans
Question.90. What was Helairia Philike?
(a) A Secret Society
(b) A Political Party
(c) A custom Union
(d) An Allegori
Question.91. Who founded the revolutionary militia ‘Red Shirt’?
(b) Tsar Alexander II
Question.92. Who was Frederick Sorrieu?
(a) A Revolutionary
(b) Chancellor of Austria
(c) King of Frame
(d) French Artist
Question.93. Vienna Congress was convened in 1815 for what purpose?
(a) To declare completion of German Unification.
(b) To restore conservative regime in Europe.
(c) To declare war against France.
(d) To start the process of Italian unification.
Question.94. Which year was known as the year of dear bread?
Question.95. Name the state which led the process of Italian unification?
(c) Sardinia Piedmont
Question.96. Who said Cavour, Mazzini, and Garibaldi: three her brain, her soul, her sword?
(a) Victor Emmannual
(b) George Meredith
(c) Louis XVIII
Question.97. Who followed the policy of Blood and Iron for national unification?
(b) Otto Von Bismark
Question.98. United Kingdom of Great Britain came into existence in the year –
Question.99. Who said that, Italy was merely a geographical expression?
Question.100. Which one was not included in the Balkan Region?
(b) Bosnia Harzegovina
Question.101. Who was the king of France at the time of French Revolution?
(a) Marie Antoniate
(b) Louis XVI
(c) Czar Nicolas
(d) Edward II
Question.102. Which one of the following was not the feature of Napoleonic code?
(a) Equality before the law
(b) Universal adult franchise
(c) right to property
(d) privileges based on birth
Question.103. After Napoleon’s defeat, who captured the power of Europe?
(d) None of the above
Question.104. Who remarked “When France Sneezes, the rest of Europe catches cold?
(a) Giuseppe Mazzini
(c) Louis Philippe
(d) Johann Gottfried
Question.105. Which country had been part of the ‘Ottoman Empire’ since the 15th century?
Question.106. Which country became full-fledged territorial state in Europe in the year 1789?
Question.107. When was the first clear expression of nationalism noticed in Europe?
Question.108. Which language was spoken for purposes of diplomacy in the mid 18th century in Europe?
Question.109. Liberal-national mainly belong to which class?
(a) Elite class
(b) Educated middleclass elite
(c) Working class
Question.110. Where was the first upheaval took place in July, 1803?
Question.111. Which newly designed flag was chosen to replace the formal flag ‘Royal Standard’ in France?
(a) Union Jack
(c) White Saltire
(d) Red Cross
Question.112. Which of the following reforms made the whole system in France more rational and efficient?
(a) Administrative reform
(b) Social reform
(c) Economic reform
(d) Political reform
Question.113. What was the main occupation in the mid 18th century in Europe?
(a) Trade and commerce
(d) All of the above
Question.114. What was the main feature of the pattern of land holding prevailing in the Eastern and Central Europe?
(b) Vast estates
(c) Small owners
Question.115. Which country began to use language as a weapon of national resistance?