NCERT Solutions Class 10 English First Flight Chapter 1 A Letter to God

NCERT solution is important for student to cover entire chapter. NCERT solution of Chapter 1 will help the student to understand the answers of Intext questions and Exercise Questions.


Read the passage carefully and answer the following questions :

I. The house the only …………………….. hungry this year.

Question.1. What did Lencho hope for?
Answer. Lencho hoped for water in the form of rain.

Question.2.Why did Lencho say the raindrops were like “new coins”?
Answer. He said this because his crop really needed rain for being a good harvest. So when it rained, he saw it in the form of ‘new coins’.

Question.3. How did the rain change? What happened to Lencho fields?
Answer. The rain changed into a hailstorm. Hails fell on the house, the garden, the hillside and the cornfield. They utterly destroyed Lencho’s fields .

Question.4. What were Lencho’s feelings when the hail stopped?
Answer. Lencho felt completely broken. The hail had left nothing. He felt that they would
have no corn that year.

II. But in the hearts ………………… as a signature : God.

Question.1. Who or what did Lencho have faith in? What did he do?
Answer. Lencho had faith in God. He felt that God’s eyes saw everything. He wrote a letter to God.

Question.2. Who read the letter?
Answer. The postman and the postmaster read Lencho’s letter (to God).

Question.3. What did the postmaster do then?
Answer. The postmaster laughed when he read Lencho’s letter but soon he became serious and was moved by the writer’s faith in God. He didn’t want to shake Lencho’s faith. So, he decided to collect money and send it to Lencho on behalf of God.

III. The following Sunday ………. bunch of crooks Lencho.

Question.1. Was Lencho surprised to find a letter for him with money in it ?
Answer. No, Lencho was not surprised to find a letter for him with money. It was because he had full faith in God. He knew that God saw everything even in one’s conscience.

Question.2. What made him angry ?
Answer. Lencho had requested God to send him 100 pesos. But God sent him only 70 pesos. It was not good on God’s part. This made him angry.

Taxtbook Exercise

Thinking about the Text

Question.1. Who does Lencho have complete faith in? Which sentences in the story tell you this?
Answer. Lencho had faith in God. The sentences in the story that show this are as follows.
(i) “All through the night, Lencho thought only of his one hope : the help of God, whose eyes, as he had been instructed, see everything, even what is deep in one’s conscience.”
(ii) “God”, he wrote, “if you don’t help me, my family and I will go hungry this year.” I need a hundred pesos in order to sow my field again and to live until the crop comes, because the hailstorm ……………”
(iii) “God could not have made a mistake, nor could he have denied Lencho what he had requested.”
(iv) “God : of the money that I asked for, only seventy pesos reached me. Send me the rest, since I need it very much. But don’t send it to me through the mail because the post office employees are a bunch of crooks.”

Question.2. Why does the postmaster send money to Lencho? Why does he sign the letter ‘God’?
Answer. The Postmaster didn’t want to shake Lencho’s faith in God. He was impressed by the faith Lencho had in God and wanted to have the same faith in himself. So, he collected the money and send it to Lencho. He signed the letter ‘God’ so that Lencho’s faith in God does not shake and he can believe that the money had been sent to him by God.

Question.3. Did Lencho try to find out who had sent money to him? Why/why not?
Answer. Lencho did not try to find out who had sent money to him as he was very sure that the money has been sent by God because he had complete faith in God.

Question.4. Who does Lencho think has taken the rest of the money ? What is the irony in the situation? (Remember that the irony of the situation is an unexpected aspect of it. An ironic situation is strange or amusing because it is the opposite of what is expected.)
Answer. Lencho thinks that the rest of the money has been taken by the employees of the post office. The irony in the situation is that though the postmaster and his employees had helped him in his ill condition and tried to keep his faith alive in God. It is Lencho’s misconcestion that he assumed the post office people, to be crooks. Therefore, he did not want receive the money by mail any more.

Question.5. Are there people like Lencho in the real world? What kind of a person would you say he is ? You may select appropriate words from the box to answer the question.
greedy, naive, stupid, ungrateful, selfish, consical, unquestioning.
Answer. Yes, there are people like Lencho in the real world. Lencho is a hard working farmer who had complete faith in God. He was not greedy and demanded only hundred pesos from God to sow fields again. He was also, “naive, stupid and comical” in the sense that he thought that the money was sent by God and the money that is short has been taken away by post office employees.’

Question.6. There are two kinds of conflict in the story : between humans and nature, and between humans themselves. How are these conflicts illustrated ?
Answer. The conflict between humans and nature has been illustrated by the hailstorm destroying the crop completely. The human, Lencho who had worked hard in the fields was expecting a good harvest. He only needed a downpour or a little shower but the nature destroyed the crop by way of hailstorm.

The other conflict is illustrated between human themselves. The postmaster wanted to keep Lencho’s faith in God, therefore, he collected money from his employees and friends and gave it to Lencho as it was sent by God. Lencho instead of being grateful to them thought that the money that is short is taken away by post office employees and he therefore call them crooks.

Thinking About Language

 I. Look at the following sentence from the story :

Suddenly a strong wind began to below and alongwith he rain very large hailstones began to fall.

‘Hailstones’ are small balls of ice that fall like rain. A storm in which hailstones fall is a ‘hailstouns’ You know that a storm is bad weather with strong winds, rain, thunder and lightening.

There are different names in different parts of the world for storms, depending on their nature. Can you match the names in the box with their descriptions below, and fill in one blanks. You may use a dictionary to help you.

gale, whirlwind, cyclone, hurricane, tornado, typhoon

Question.1. A violent tropical storm in which strong winds move in a circle : ………….c……………
Answer. cyclone

Question.2. An extremely strong wind : ………….a…………… .
Answer. gale

Question.3. A violent tropical storm with very strong winds : ………….p…………… .
Answer. typhoon

Question.4. A violent storm whose centre is a cloud in the shape of a funnel : ………….n…………… .
Answer. tornado

Question.5. A violent storm with very strong winds, especially in the western Atlantic ocean : ………….r…………… .
Answer. hurricane

Question.6. A very strong wind that moves very fast in a spinning movement a causes a lot of damage : ………….l……………
Answer. whirlwind

II. Notice how the word ‘hope’ is used in these sentences from the story.
(a) I hope it (the hailstorm) passed quickly
(b) There was a single hope : help from God.

In the first example, ‘hope’ is a verb which means you wish for something to happen. In the second example, it is a noun meaning a chance for something to happen.

Match the sentence in Column ‘A’ with the meanings of ‘hope’ in Column B :

Column AColumn B
1. Will you get the subjects you want to study in college ?
I hope so
(i) a feeling that some good will probably happen.
2. ‘I hope you don’t mind my saying this, but I don’t like the way you are arguing.’(ii) thinking that this world happen (it may or may not have happened).
3. This discovery will give new hope to HIV/AIDS sufferers.(iii) stopped believing that this good thing would happen.
4. We were hopping against hope that the judges would not notice our mistakes.(iv) wanting something to happen (and thinking it quite possible).
5. I called early in the hope of speaking to her before she went to school.(v) showing concern that what you say should not offend or disturb the other person : a way of being polite.
6. Just when everbody had given up hope, the fisherman came back, seven days after the cyclone.(vi) wishing for something to happen, although this is very unlikely

Answer.1. (i)
Answer.2. (v)
Answer.3. (ii)
Answer.4. (vi)
Answer.5. (iv)
Answer.6. (iii)

III. Relative clauses :
Look at these sentences
(a) All morning Lencho—who know his fields intimately —looked at the sky.
(b) The woman, who was preparing supper, replied, “Yes, God willing.”

The italicised parts of the sentences give us more information about Lencho and the woman. We call them relative clauses. Notice that they begin with a relative pronoun who other common relative pronouns are whom, whose and which.

The relative clauses in (a) and (b) above are called non-defining, because we already know the identity of the person they describe. Lencho is a particular person, and there is a particular woman he speaks to. We don’t need the information in the relative clause to pick these people out from a larger set.

A non-defining relative clause usually has a comma in front of it and a comma after it (some writers use a dash (–) instead, as in the story). If the relative clause comes at the end, we just put a full stop.

Join the sentences given below using who, whom, whose, which, as suggested.

Question.1. I often go to Mumbai. Mumbai is the commercial capital of India. (which)
Answer. I often go to Mumbai which is the commercial capital of India.

Question.2. My mother is going to host a TV show on cooking. She cooks very well. (Who)
Answer. My mother, who cooks very well, is going to host a TV show on cooking.

Question.3. These sports persone are going to meet the President. Their performance has been excellent. (whose)
Answer. These sports persons, whose performance has been excellent, are going to meet the President.

Question.4. Lencho prayed to God. His eyes see into our minds. (whose)
Answer. Lencho prayed to God, whose eyes see into our minds.

Question.5. This man cheated me. I trusted him. (whom)
Answer. This man, whom I trusted, cheated me.

Sometimes the relative, pronoun in a relative clause remains ‘hidden’. For example, look at the first sentence of the story.
(a) The house—the only one in the entire valley—sat on the crest of a low hill.

We can rewrite this sentence as :
(b) The house—which was the only one in the entire valley—sat on the crest of a low hill.

In (a), the relative pronoun ‘which’ and the verb ‘was’ are not present.

IV. Using Negatives for Emphasis
We know that sentences with words such as no, not or nothing show the absence of something, or contradict something. For example :

(a) This year we will have no corn. (Corn will be absent).
(b) The hail has left nothing. (Absence of a crop)
(c) These aren’t raindrops falling from the sky, they are new coins. (Contradicts the common idea of what the drops water falling from the sky are.)

But sometimes negative words are used just to emphasise an idea. Look at these sentences from the story :

(d) Lencho …………….. had done nothing else but see the sky towards the northeast. (He had done only this).
(e) The man went out for no other reason than to have the pleasure of feeling the rain on his body. (He had only this reason.)
(f) Lencho showed not the slightest surprise on seeing the money. (He showed no surprise at all.)

Now look back at example (c). Notice that the contradiction in fact serves to emphasise the value or usefulness of the rain to the farmer.

Find sentences in the story with negative words, which express the following ideas emphatically :

Question.1. The trees lost all their leaves
Answer. “Not a leaf remained on the trees. (Page 4)

Question.2. The letter was addressed to God himself.
Answer. It was nothing less than a letter to God. (Page 5)

Question.3. The postman saw this address for the first time in his career.
Answer. Never in his career as a postman had he known that address. (Page 5)

Grannar Recao Figures of speech-Definition, theory + Examples and to sentence based on metaphors.


Question.1. Have you ever been in great difficulty, and felt that only a miracle could help you ? How was your problem solved ? Speak about this in class with your teacher.

Listening :
Listen to the letter (given below ‘In this Lesson’) read out by your teacher/on the audio tape. As you listen fill in the table given below :

The writer apologises (Says sorry) because........................
The writer has sent this to the reader........................
The writer sent it in the month of........................
The reason for not writing earlier........................
Sarah goes to........................
Who is writing to whom?........................
Where and when were they last together ?........................

Answer. Yes, I fell in great difficulty once in my life. I had met with an accident. It was late midnight and it was raiming heavely with black clouds all around. While returning from my friend’s house, my bike slipped on I had serious injuries. I did not see any one on the streets for about one hour. I had no hope for getting any assistance and due to excess bleeding, I fainted. Some passing by stranger helped me and took me to the hospital and informed my parents. My life was saved as doctors later on revealed that if there had been a delay of another half hour, my life could not have been saved.

Listening :
She did not write to Aarti for long time.
A birthday card
September in year 2005
The writer moved to a new house.
School, “Little Feet”
Jaya is writing to Aarti.
They were together at Bangalore last year.

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